A new study published in the journal Neural Mechanisms of Human Communication found that persons with lesions in certain areas of the right posterior temporal lobe experienced difficulties recognizing voices. So the posterior superior temporal gyrus (STG) is crucial for voice recognition.
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Researchers at the Center for Integrated Nanostructure Physics, within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS), have shown that defects in monolayer molybdenum disulphide (MO 2 ) exhibit electrical switching, providing new insights into the electrical properties of this material. As MoS 2 is one of the most promising 2D semiconductors, it is expected that these results will contribute to its future use in opto-electronics. Analysis of atomically thin MoS2 reveals how defects behave and relate to MoS2's anomalies.
A leading paediatrician has advised children with troublesome coughs should be treated with 'old-fashioned' honey and lemon rather than over-the-counter (OTC) cough medicines. In an article published on the medical blog Hippocratic Post , Bevington said there was "absolutely no evidence that cough medicines work" and that "they could not actually do the child more harm than good".
A new study published in the journal ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces evaluated a new dental material tethered with an antimicrobial compound that can not only kill bacteria but can also resist biofilm growth. In addition, unlike some drug-infused materials, it is effective with minimal toxicity to the surrounding tissue, as it contains a low dose of the antimicrobial agent that kills only the bacteria that come in contact with it.
Using a device developed by Dr Samer Abu-Sultaneh, assistant professor of clinical paediatrics at the Indiana University School of Medicine, medical practitioners might be able to secure chest tubes to their patients more quickly and with greater reliability.
According to a study published in the journal Motivation and Emotion, people who are frustrated because their basic psychological needs for autonomy, relatedness and feeling competent are not met are more likely to have a recurring bad dream and to analyze their dreams negatively.
Obese people who lose a substantial amount of weight can slow down the degeneration of their knee cartilage, but only if they lose weight through diet and exercise or dietary alone, according to a new MRI study presented today at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).
A new way of learning anatomy that involves no cadavers, no chemicals, no storage issues, and no allergic reactions being piloted by 32 medical students at Case Western Reserve University in Cleveland .
While more than 60 of patients with the brain tumors called malignant gliomas enroll in hospice services, almost 25% of them do so within a week of death, probably too late for patients and family members to benefit from hospice care. A new study published in the journal Neuro-Oncology also finds that certain groups are more likely than others to receive a week or less of hospice services.
The researchers analyzed data on babies born between 2010 and 2015 to assess the number that may have sustained brain injury at or soon after birth. They used routinely recorded NHS data and so were able to measure the incidence rate of brain injury in newborns without any additional workload for doctors or nurses. Ultimately, this research could lead to a better understanding of how to prevent brain injury in preterm and full-term babies.
A new study published in the Journal of Experimental Medicine emphasized the impact of obesity on the long-term health of blood-making stem cells (hematopoietic stem cells). The study led to genetic models of obese mice showed that obesity causes durable and harmful changes to the hematopoietic stem cell compartment (the blood-making factory in our bodies).
Research team from the University of Amsterdam's Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences (HIMS) and Pepscan (Lelystad), have established a new methodology for locking linear peptides into highly rigidified tricyclic structures with pharmaceutical potential. These findings have been reported in Angewandte Chemie 'Hot Paper'.