All news from Anaesthesiology

General Anesthesia, Opioid-Free Is Given For Spine Surgery Using Drugs

Researchers showed the case of a 65-year-old man undergoing a two-level lumbosacral posterior spinal fusion under general anesthesia using dexmedetomidine, lidocaine, and nitrous oxide, without the use of any intraoperative opioids and minimal opioids postoperatively for 24 h. To our knowledge, this is the first report documenting this anesthetic technique and its benefits through the first postoperative day.

A Tiny Cellular Machine that Massacre Viruses

Bass, Shen and their colleagues examined one such specialized machine, a protein from the common fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster. Now that scientists know how the fly protein works, they may be able to use some of the same tricks to overcome viruses that cause human disease. The study findings were published in the journal Science 

Novel genes of type 2 diabetic islets were identified

A combined study by Prof. Michele Solimena have demonstrated a novel cluster of dysregulated genes in the pancreatic islets of patients with type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes, which affects more than 500 million people worldwide, results from the inability of beta cells in the pancreatic islets to provide the body with enough insulin to maintain blood glucose levels. These findings are now published in Diabetologia (the journal of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes [EASD]).

Brachytherapy is in Decline, and Money may be Why

The evidence is clear: Cervical cancer is best treated with brachytherapy, a form of radiation therapy. Yet the use of this potentially lifesaving treatment has been declining, and a new study published in International Journal of Radiation Oncology may explain why.  The study determined that eventhough, Medicare costs hospitals more than twice as much to provide brachytherapy as it does to provide external-beam radiation, the reimbursement doesn't reflect that.

Real-life sleep was captured with wrist-worn gadget for the first time

Researchers find a way to capture detailed information on human sleep cycles over long periods of time while individuals slumber at home in their usual way. According to the researchers, the findings represent a major breakthrough in sleep as for the first time it was possible to objectively capture the real-life sleep habits and sleep quality of large numbers of people. The study is published in Current Biology.