A new report published in Molecular Cancer Research showed that adipocytes (fat cells) can absorb and metabolize the chemotherapeutic agent daunorubicin and thus decrease its efficiency and potentially be contributing to poorer treatment outcomes.
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A study has been declined that many of the complex folded shapes that form mammalian tissues can be recreated with very simple instructions. By patterning mechanically active mouse or human cells to thin layers of extracellular matrix fibers, the researchers could create bowls, coils, and ripples out of living tissue. The cells collaborated mechanically through a web of these fibers to fold themselves up in predictable ways, mimicking natural developmental processes. This study was published in the journal Developmental Cell.
When evaluating women with pelvic pain, consider the vestibule, says an urologist and sexual medicine specialist who says clinicians should stop ignoring this underappreciated component of the female anatomy. The study is presented at the Sexual Medicine Society of North America (SMSNA) Fall 2017 Scientific Meeting.
Patient-taken iPhone photos transmitted and stored in the Network Oriented Research Assistant (NORA) teledermatology program may be as useful for acne evaluations as in-person consultations, a pilot study suggests.
Cone snails have inspired humans for centuries. Presently, scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) are finding these deadly predators inspiring, too, as they seek new ways to cure old medical problems using the poisonous snails as models.
According to this study, Researchers have developed an inductive algorithm to study nucleotide frequencies using a multi-strain SIR model. Sequencing also benefits epidemiological studies, such as the identification, diagnosis, and treatment of infectious diseases. These processes of sequence data will help scientists to understand organism function. This study got published in SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics.
In the perioperative period, it may be inappropriate to monitor vital signs during endotracheal intubation using the same interval as during a hemodynamically stable period. The aim of the present study was to determine whether it is appropriate to use the same intervals used during the endotracheal intubation and stable periods to monitor vital signs of patients under general anesthesia.
The investigational Zika purified inactivated virus (ZPIV) vaccine was well-tolerated and induced an immune response in participants, according to initial results from three Phase 1 clinical trials. Scientists at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR), part of the U.S. Department of Defense, are developing the vaccine as well as leading one of the trials. The results are published in The Lancet.
The study published in the Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging used a new technique to use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), to scan the placenta. The noninvasive approach offers valuable insights into how the mother's blood enters the placenta and sustains the fetus with oxygen and nutrients during early pregnancy.
A new study recognized the Genes in Space-3 team turned that possibility into a reality this year, when it completed the first-ever sample-to-sequence process entirely aboard the space station. For an ability to identify microbes in real time aboard the International Space Station, without having to send them back to Earth for identification first, would be revolutionary for the world of microbiology and space exploration.
A new study published in the journal European Urology Focus revealed that the one-month duration hypo-fractionated radiation therapy (HRT), was associated with a significant improvement in recurrence compared to the two-month duration conventionally fractionated high dose external beam radiation therapy (CRT) and therefore would be reasonable to consider in men with intermediate risk prostate cancer and who do not have risk factors that could predispose the patient to bladder side effects several years after the treatment is complete.
According to a systemic review and meta-analysis, the prevalence of vertebral fractures is significantly increased in HIV-positive patients, regardless of age or gender. The study findings were presented at the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR)