All news from Anaesthesiology

Complex Genetic Interactions Identified by Rank Order

Applying new math, Kristina Crona, an American University assistant professor who researches in the area of mathematical biology, and her colleagues show how ranking pathogen mutants can help scientists understand how mutants evolve to resist drug treatments. This line of research could have implications for the treatment of diseases that can resist drug treatments, such as HIV and malaria.

Hair Color Of Men Can Be Spotted As Hair Follicle Problem; Barbers Identified

A recent study shows that researchers have graphed 50 barbers from 37 barbershops in Oklahoma City and found nearly four in five could identify a condition that often develops in the beard area of African-America men and other people with curly hair. Dr. Prince Adotama said that Pseudofolliculitis barbae (PFB), also known as razor bumps, “can be a frustrating issue for all men.”  This study was published in JAMA Dermatology.

Unexpected Sensorineural Hearing Loss Leads to Stroke

A study declines that Sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) is related with an increased incidence of stroke. Researchers recommend that SSNHL group included 154 patients diagnosed with the disorder from January 2003 through December 2005. A total of 616 controls (4:1) were involved in a matching cohort. Study participants were ages 45 to 64, and about half were women. All were monitored until 2013. This study has been published in JAMA Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery.

Revefenacin: A new drug therapy for COPD

Management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is treated principally by bronchodilators and drugs that reduce the frequency and severity of acute exacerbations. We have no agents that have been shown to prolong life other than extended oxygen therapy in those COPD patients who have long-term hypoxemiaRevefenacin is a new long-acting anticholinergic agent. A study recently published in Respiratory Research demonstrates its safety and efficacy. 

A New Nanomedicine Prevents Pancreatic Cancer

A new study has discovered the medicine, which is a nanomedicine and pinpoints the inverse correlation between a known oncogene, a gene that promotes the development of cancer and the expression of an oncosuppressor microRNA as the reason for extended pancreatic cancer survival. The study may serve as a basis for the development of an effective cocktail of drugs for this deadly disease and other cancers. This published in Nature Communications.