All news from Anaesthesiology

Comparison Of Emergency Medical Dispatch With Accuracy

According to a new study, researchers aimed to compare the accuracy, measured as priority level, between two Swedish dispatch protocols, the three-graded priority protocol Medical Index and a newly developed prototype, the four-graded priority protocol, RETTS-A. Emergency medical dispatching should be as accurate as possible to ensure patient safety and optimize the use of ambulance resources.  

Emerging Lyme disease in Nepal, wake-up call

Lyme disease is caused by a bacterium known as Borrellia burgdorferi and is transmitted by the bite of Ixodid tick. It is one of the most reported vector-borne diseases worldwide. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC, USA) estimated that approximately 300,000 cases of Lyme disease occur each year. 

Stem Cell-Derived Retinal Pigment Epithelium for Blindness

Scientists at the National Eye Institute (NEI) report that tiny tube-like protrusions called primary cilia on cells of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). The discovery has advanced efforts to make stem cell-derived RPE for transplantation into patients with geographic atrophy, otherwise known as dry age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The study findings were published in the Cell Reports.

To Prevent The Severity Of Colitis: Precision Editing Of Bacteria

Researchers declined that a potential strategy targets metabolic pathways that are active only during intestinal inflammation prevented or reduced inflammation in a mouse model of colitis while exerting no obvious effect in control animals with healthy, balanced bacterial populations. They have used precision editing of the bacterial populations in the gut to prevent or reduce the severity of inflammation in a mouse model of colitis.

SPARTAN device improves IVS success

The microfluidic device, which can be used in clinics, is dubbed SPARTAN, short for Simple Periodic ARray for Trapping And IsolatioN. It uses a field of three-dimensional posts that create an obstacle course for the swimming sperm cells. The strongest and healthiest sperm get through this array the fastest and then are collected at the outlet to be used in the in vitro fertilization (IVF) process.

Surgical Dressing Speeds Up The Process Of Healing In Diabetic Foot Ulcer

In the study, when sucrose compared to octasulfate to placebo dressing in 240 patients with neuroischemic diabetic foot ulcers, wound healing was knowingly improved among patients given the active dressing. Currently there are no proven treatments for neuroischemic ulcers, defined as those arising in the presence of both peripheral neuropathy and peripheral arterial disease, with the latter condition significantly worsening prognosis. This study was published in Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.