All news from Anaesthesiology

Association Between Place Of Residence And Heart Failure Risk

According to new study, researchers have conducted comparative study i.e., census tract data on socioeconomic deprivation, a collection of neighborhood-level variables of wealth, education, occupation and housing patterns and heart failure rates among 27,078 middle-aged participants from South-eastern states. This study is published in American Heart Association journal, Circulation: Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes.

Fibre-rich Diet Could Help Prevent Arthritis

It is well known that healthy eating increases our general sense of wellbeing. In the recent study published in Nature Communications, researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have discovered that a fibre-rich diet can have a positive influence on chronic inflammatory joint diseases, leading to stronger bones.

Stress Linked to Early Development of Pancreatic Cancer

A new study published in the journal Cancer Cell has showed that stress accelerates the development of pancreatic cancer by triggering the release of "fight-or-flight" hormones. Beta-blockers–commonly used medications that inhibit these hormones–were found to increase survival in a mouse model of the disease. An additional analysis of patients with advanced pancreatic cancer revealed that those who were taking selective beta-blockers lived approximately two-thirds longer than those who were not taking the medications.

Engaging in Housework may be Beneficial to the Health of Elders

According to a study published in the open access journal BMC Public Health, elderly men across Europe and the US spend less time on housework than elderly women. Researchers found that elderly women on average spent almost five hours a day doing housework compared to only around three hours a day for elderly men. The study also found that while those who did more housework felt healthier, women who did long hours of housework combined with too much or too little sleep reported poorer health.

Nanosponges Offer Promising Solution For Sepsis

According to researchers from the University of California San Diego have established macrophage "nanosponges" that can safely absorb and remove molecules from the bloodstream that are known to trigger sepsis. These macrophage nanosponges, which are nanoparticles cloaked in the cell membranes of macrophages, have so far improved survival rates in mice with sepsis. This study has been published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

CSA in a Human Model; Researchers Shown

In this study, researcher’s new experimental model of a CSA in a primate was reported; only the blood supply to the brain from the donor body was re-established; the spinal cord and the continuity of other organs were not restored. This experiment was designed to confirm that deep hypothermia can protect the brain and preserve brain function after re-warming during cephalic exchange.

New Antifungal Drug to Tackle Superbugs

Microscopic yeasts have been wreaking havoc in hospitals around the world – creeping into catheters, ventilator tubes, and IV lines – and causing deadly invasive infection. One culprit species, Candida auris, is resistant to many antifungals, meaning once a person is infected, there are limited treatment options. But in a recent Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy study, confirmed a new drug compound kills drug-resistant C. auris, both in the laboratory and in a mouse model that mimics human infection.