Researchers from the Health Department has identified and investigated approximately 28,000 complaints of suspected foodborne illness overall since 2012. Using Yelp, 311, and reports from health care providers. 10 outbreaks of foodborne illness were identified solely through a computer system jointly created with Columbia University's Department of Computer Science. This study has been published in the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.
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A new study identifies from a computer model, where the ability to quantify the extent of kidney damage and predict the life remaining in the kidney, using an image obtained at the time when a patient visits the hospital for a kidney biopsy, now is possible using a computer model based on artificial intelligence (AI). These findings appear in the journal Kidney International Reports, can help make predictions at the point-of-care and assist clinical decision-making.
New research outcomes published in the journal Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy revealed a potential new weapon in the fight against tuberculosis, and it lives in the Little Mermaid’s realm.
Pediatric rheumatic diseases are a varied group of rare diseases including juvenile forms of arthritis, lupus, fibromyalgia, and other conditions. Currently, there is considerable variability in how patients with these diseases are treated in clinical practice, making it difficult to understand which therapies work best. A new study published in the journal Arthritis & Rheumatology examines recent efforts to address this challenge.
The new study at Chalmers University of Technology now shows that there are potential technology-based solutions that can replace many of the metals with carbon nanomaterials, such as graphene. Scarce metals are found in a wide range of everyday objects around us. They are complicated to extract, difficult to recycle and so rare that several of them have become "conflict minerals" which can promote conflicts and oppression. This study is published in the Journal of Cleaner Production.
Regular surfers and bodyboarders are three times more likely to have antibiotic-resistant Escherichia coli in their guts than non-surfers, according to a study published in the journal Environment International.
According to a new study, elevated levels of the inflammation marker CRP in the blood is an underlying cause of the loss of muscle mass in elderly persons.C-reactive protein (CRP) interferes with the protein synthesis in the muscle cells, hence contributing to the loss of muscle mass.
Acute respiratory tract infections (ARTI) are the leading global cause of death in early childhood, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Lower respiratory tract infections, including bronchiolitis and viral and bacterial pneumonia, take a toll on children's health, too, causing the majority of pediatric hospital admissions for infectious diseases.
People who undergo joint surgery, such as joint replacements for arthritis, are more likely to become dependent on the years following surgery if they are obese, researchers say. Further research is needed to know why this happens and how to prevent it, the study team writes online in the British Journal of Anaesthesia.
According to a new study published in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology, senior patients with stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) showed improved overall survival (OS) when treated with chemoradiation (CRT) compared to definitive radiation (RT) alone.