All news from Anaesthesiology

Tubeworm Produces Ferritin More Efficiently

In a new study published in Biochemical Journal, researchers have discovered with potential human health impacts in a parchment tubeworm, the marine invertebrate Chaetopterus sp., and found that the tubeworm have a ferritin with the fastest catalytic performance ever described, nearly eight times faster than that of human capabilities.

Link between Bariatric Surgery and Heart Disease Risk

According to a new study published in Pediatrics, adolescents with severe obesity who had bariatric surgery showed significant improvements in cardiovascular disease risk factors. Before bariatric surgery, 335 of the study participants had three or more defined cardiovascular disease risk factors. However, three years post-surgery only 5% of study participants had three or more risk factors; representing significant reduction in the overall likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease later in life.

Introduction of BPCI Advanced Model for Physicians

The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) announced the introduction of the Bundled Payments for Care Improvement Advanced (BPCI Advanced) model for physicians and other healthcare professionals to try to increase their Medicare reimbursement with an initiative centred on bundling pay for episodes of care, such as a major joint replacement.

Loss of Muscle Strength and Mass Slower Walking Speed in Older

In a new research, scientists have identified that older people walk at a slower speed and tire more quickly because of loss of strength and mass in leg muscles. Using computer simulations the team found that these physiological changes explain the slower walking speed preferred by the elderly, and that a focus on building up these leg muscles may be the only effective way to improve elderly walking. The study findings published in The Journal of Physiology.

Birth Defects Linked with UTI Antibiotics during Pregnancy

The antibiotics trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole ( Bactrim ) and nitrofurantoin ( Macrobid ) have been linked to a small risk for birth defects in pregnant women when given in the first trimester. According to a report from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, despite the risk, many pregnant women are still getting these antibiotics. The study report was published in the  Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report

Fast Foods Activate the Immune System

Researchers have found that the immune system has been shown to react to fast foods containing excess salt and calories and this activation of the immune system to fast foods is similar to its reaction to bacterial infections. The study findings reported in the latest issue of the journal Cell.