All news from Anaesthesiology

Cognitive Functioning & Structural Brain Abnormalities In People With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Type 2 diabetes has been linked with an increased risk of cognitive dysfunction and dementia, but the underlying mechanisms are uncertain. The study, imaging tests revealed that changes in white matter regions of the brain that are indicative of small vessel disease are associated with decreased processing speed (the time it takes a person to do a mental task) in people with Type 2 diabetes.

Also, higher blood pressure and worse kidney function were related to worse cognition. The study was published in Diabetic Medicine. 

Geographic Distribution of Outbreaks of Salmonella Enteric

A 10-year investigation evaluating data from four surveillance systems captured information on the geographic distribution of outbreaks of Salmonella enterica serotype Newport infections in the U.S., who is at greatest risk, the rate of antimicrobial resistance of Newport infections, and how often antimicrobial resistance may be linked to an environmental cause of infection.

VENCLYXTO And Rituximab For Refractory CLL

AbbVie, a research-based global biopharmaceutical company, announced today that the Committee for Medicinal Products for Human Use (CHMP) of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) has granted a positive opinion for VENCLYXTO® (venetoclax tablets) in combination with rituximab for the treatment of patients with relapsed/refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (R/R CLL) who have received at least one prior therapy.

Holding Back Sneeze Could Rupture Your Pharynx

Holding back a sneeze by pinching your nose while keeping your mouth closed may cause physical injury, doctors writing in the journal BMJ Case Reports have reaffirmed. In one such documented case, an otherwise healthy 34-year-old man in the U.K. suffered a tear in the back of his throat after sneezing while stifling it, by sealing both airways. The man was left barely able to speak or swallow and was in "considerable pain," so he went to a hospital emergency department.

Futuristic Test To Identify Drowsy Drivers

Scientists have developed a blood test to tell whether you have skipped a night's sleep, bringing us a step closer to developing a test for driver sleepiness. The breakthrough could help police identify suspected drowsy drivers in road traffic accidents, or assist employers in assessing fitness for duty.

100-Year-Old Cancer Mystery, New Insights

For almost a century, scientists have observed a strange behavior in cancer cells: They prefer a less-efficient pathway to produce energy. While normal cells utilize aerobic glycolysis to use glucose to produce 36 energy-storing adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecules, most cancer cells, despite the presence of oxygen, switch to anaerobic glycolysis, which only produces two ATPs.

Changes In The Human Body in Outer Space

It's a completely different environment, with forces unfamiliar to the human body. So, what are a few of the changes human bodies can expect when venturing into outer space. When it comes to space travel, South Africans, or the country itself, don't really come to mind, like NASA for example.

 But things are changing, especially with Mark Shuttleworth circa 2002, Adriana Marais as a Mars One finalist, Elon Musk making massive strides with his company SpaceX, and the country getting its very own National Space Agency.