According to a new study, researchers Frances Bozsik of the University of Missouri-Kansas City in the US, beauty pageant winners tell us that thin female bodies are still rated as attractive. However, US women's perceptions of what constitutes the perfect female figure have evolved in recent years to a "thin and toned" ideal. The study published in Springer's journal Sex Roles.
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New research shows that in a mouse model of childhood absence epilepsy, brain activity is perturbed between seizures. The researchers speculate that it could be a cause for some of the cognitive problems children with the condition suffer, which can persist despite treatment of seizures, according to a study published in The Journal of Physiology.
According to a new study, researchers used forehead sensors to monitor the core body temperature of astronauts on the International Space Station. Measurements were taken before, during and after their venture.
A new paradigm to individualize treatment of esophageal and gastroesophageal junction (GEJ) cancers, researchers have shown that positron emission tomography (PET) can help guide chemotherapy decisions for patients and improve outcomes.
A comparative study of the effects of methadone versus morphine using the numerical rating scale of pain and postoperative on-demand analgesia in patients undergoing myocardial revascularization. Pain is an aggravating factor of postoperative morbidity and mortality. Among the options for postoperative management of cardiac surgeries are opioid analgesics and supportive measures.
In a new study published in the journal Methods, researchers have invented a new, highly sensitive way of monitoring leukaemia cells in the blood. The research findings described the new technique– Immuno-flowFISH– that can detect genetic changes inside the leukaemia cell. This adds a new dimension to way leukaemia can be assessed and treatment decisions made.
The benefits of low-intensity physical activity, such as standing, walking or doing household chores, can be more health beneficial than once thought. According to a study from Karolinska Institutet published in the journal Clinical Epidemiology, replacing half an hour's sedentariness a day with everyday activity reduces the risk of fatal cardiovascular disease by 24%.
According to this study, researchers examined a relation between skin microbiome and filaggrin gene (FLG) mutations propose a possible association between skin microbiome and host genetics. To assess skin and nasal microbiome diversity and composition in patients with AD and compare with healthy controls, and to investigate the microbiome in relation to disease severity and FLG mutations in patients with AD.
Two different proteins work separately as well as synergistically to feed a small pool of stem cells that help bladder cancer resist chemotherapy, research led by a Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center scientist suggests. The finding, published online in Cancer Research, could lead to new targets to fight this deadly disease and potentially other cancers as well.
Research from Switzerland suggests cataract surgery and implantation of a Baerveldt tube (BT) for glaucoma should be done separately in most cases, but may be combined in some,. The study was published in the British Journal of Ophthalmology.
Researchers report a case of iatrogenic injury to the parotid duct after Mohs' surgery micographic for a squamous cell carcinoma in the left jaw excision region, Treated by injection of botulinum toxin type A . Although the fistula by duct injury can be self-limiting, botulinum toxin injection by promoting the inactivity of the salivary gland allows rapid healing of the fistula .
According to a new study published in mBio, individuals with higher levels of antibodies against the stem portion of the influenza virus hemagglutinin (HA) protein have less viral shedding when they get the flu, but do not have fewer or less severe signs of illness. Scientists discovered that humans naturally generate anti-HA stem antibodies in response to flu infection, and evaluated pre-existing levels of these specific antibodies as a predictor of protection against influenza. The findings could have implications for flu vaccine development.