All news from Anaesthesiology

Adverse Reactions to Epilepsy Drug Predicted by a Novel Genetic Test

A study led by researchers at RCSI (Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland) has identified a new genetic test that can be used to predict if a patient with epilepsy will develop an adverse reaction to a common anti-epileptic drug. The finding will help inform doctors to prescribe the safest and most beneficial treatment for patients with epilepsy. The study is published in the journal Neurology.

Observed Harms Compared with Expected Mortality Benefit in LCS

In a new study published in JAMA Internal Medicine, the high rate of false-positive results identified in the VHA’s LCS demonstration project has caused concern about whether lung cancer screening (LCS) should be implemented in the population. By re-examining the data, researchers found that the high false-positive rate results in amore concerning harm-to-benefit ratio for those eligible persons at lower LC risk, but a much better harm-to benefit ratio for high-risk patients.

Evolution of Human Brain with A Globular Shape

Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, revealed about the human brain and when the typical globular brain shape of modern humans evolved. Their analyses based on changes in endocranial size and shape in Homo sapiens fossils show that brain organization, and possibly brain function, evolved gradually within our species and unexpectedly reached modern conditions only recently. The study got published in Science Advances.

Post-Surgery: Black Children Face Greater Risk of Death

A recent study, Race, Preoperative Risk Factors, and Death After Surgery, you have found that black children are more than twice as likely to die following surgery than white children and describe race-specific models to predict surgical outcomes . The study findings will be published online in the February 2018 issue of Pediatrics