All news from Anaesthesiology

Antibiotics with Narrower Targets are Better in Respiratory Infections

When doctors prescribe antibiotics for children with common respiratory infections, a more selective approach is better. A study of 30,000 children with earaches, strep throat, and other common infections found that narrow-spectrum antibiotics, which act against a smaller range of bacteria, had fewer adverse effects than broad-spectrum antibiotics, which target a broader variety of bacteria. The study is published in the Journal of the American Medical Association.

Outline of microRNAs in the human embryonic inner ear

In the current study, they have achieved the first miRNA sequencing of otic precursors in human specimens. Using HTG miRNA Whole Transcriptome assays, we examined miRNA expression in the cochleovestibular ganglion (CVG), neural crest (NC), and otic vesicle (OV) from paraffin embedded (FFPE) human specimens in the Carnegie developmental stages. Even performed gene set enrichment analyses to determine differentially regulated pathways that are relevant to CVG development in humans.

TBI Increases Dementia Risk

Traumatic brain injuries increase the risk of a dementia diagnosis for more than 30 years after a trauma, though the risk of dementia decreases over time, according to a new study published this week in PLOS Medicine by Anna Nordström and Peter Nordström of Umeå University in Sweden.

Energy Expenditure during Running estimated using Sports Watches

The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of three different sport watches in estimating energy expenditure (EE) during aerobic and anaerobic running. Researchers validate the EE estimations of three sports watches (Suunto Ambit2, Garmin Forerunner920XT, and Polar V800), as these manufacturers are the top competitors on the market, during low, moderate, and high-intensity running against estimates of EE from indirect calorimetry as the criterion measure.