Inhaled drug delivery is the cornerstone treatment for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, use of inhaler devices can be challenging, potentially leading to critical errors in handling that can significantly reduce drug delivery to the lungs and effectiveness of treatment.
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In a new study published in the issue of the Annals of Internal Medicine, a West Virginia University (WVU) neuropsychologist suggests a new reason fentanyl- alone, or in combination with stimulants- may put substance users at risk of amnesia, whether they take it knowingly or not.
In a study published in the Journal of Cellular Physiology, scientists at Christiana Care Health System for Translational Cancer Research (CTCR) have shown that over-expression of HOXA4 and HOXA9 genes in colon cancer stem cell promotes cell replication and contributes to the overpopulation of stem cells that drives colon cancer development.
Zika virus is an emerging arbovirus of the family Flaviviridae and genus Flavivirus that until 2007 was restricted to a few cases of mild illness in Africa and Asia. Researchers reveal a case of atrial fibrillation during a Zika virus infection epidemic.
Interpersonal psychotherapy is a common, in-person treatment for depression, but new research from the University of Georgia found that this type of one-on-one therapy can be successfully delivered over the telephone. The findings offer an important new opportunity for treating depression among those living with HIV in a rural place.
According to this study, researchers evaluated a total of 431 pregnant women who were indicated for emergency cesarean delivery were included. Clinical information and timing of process after decision until delivery and pregnancy outcomes were determined. There is a recommendation by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists and the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) that decision-to-delivery interval (DDI) in emergency cesarean delivery should be within 30 minutes.
A new study published in the issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery® reports that for older women undergoing mastectomy for breast cancer, direct-to-implant (DTI) breast reconstruction provides good outcomes in a single-step procedure, while avoiding some of the inconvenience and risks of staged approaches to breast reconstruction, reports the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS).
Genital warts are one of the most common forms of the sexually-transmitted disease, but their epidemiology has yet to be thoroughly elucidated. The present study was designed to shed light on the prevalence of clinically-confirmed, self-reported genital warts (GWs) in a representative sample of the university population.
The researchers compared prescribing rates with prevalence rates for the most common psychiatric disorders in children, they discovered that some of these medications may be underprescribed. The study findings were published in the Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology.
According to a new study, researchers examine the contemporary prevalence, characteristics, and patterns of specialty referral, evaluation, and treatment of hearing difficulty among adults in the United States. Despite the high prevalence of hearing loss, substantial gaps in the utilization of amplification options, including hearing aids and cochlear implants (CI), have been identified.
Researchers from Colorado SPH have identified new risk factors for a mysterious kidney illness affecting tens of thousands of farm workers worldwide. The study findings have been published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD) is rising globally. T2DM is particularly problematic in South Asia with an estimated 10–15% of Sri Lankans diagnosed with the disease. Exercise is known to improve blood glucose, lipid profiles, blood pressure and adiposity, key goals in the management of T2DM. The recreational exercise culture is new to Sri Lankans and the effects of exercise on T2DM has not been studied in this population.