All news from Anaesthesiology

Assessment of Patient and Physician Ratings of Surgical Scars.

A new study published in the JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery has showed that disagreement between physician- and patient-reported scar assessment is not uncommon. Neither patients nor clinicians consistently detect differences in scars using current scar assessment instruments. Patients and physicians differ in their evaluation of surgical scars. Scar instruments that better integrate both patient and clinician scar ratings may aid in determining the most salient features of cutaneous scars.

Neuroimaging: Pathological Basis of Early Cognitive Symptoms in Patients with Hypertension

Hypertension is the strongest modifiable risk factor for subcortical ischemic changes and is also a risk factor for Alzheimer’s dementia. Researchers used neuroimaging to investigate the pathological basis of early cognitive symptoms in patients with hypertension. To study the pathogenic basis of cognitive symptoms in the setting of hypertension, researchers recruited subjects with hypertension and Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) of 0.5 without dementia and used neuroimaging markers to infer the presence of AD pathology or vascular pathology

An Enzyme Having Dual Function; Study Revealed

A study with new discovery shown by researchers from the University of Bonn have clarified a surprising dual function of ceramide synthase. The enzyme not only catalyzes a central step of the production of vital lipids. It also has the ability to turn genes involved in lipid metabolism on or off. The study is being published in the journal Cell Reports.

Smoking Cessation Medications: The Benefits Diminish Over Time

A new Tel Aviv University study published in Addiction finds that only eight out of 100 smokers who take smoking cessation medications will have benefited from taking smoking medications after one year's time. The researchers conclude that this low rate of success should lead policymakers to find better methods to help smokers quit — and to prevent young people from taking up smoking, to begin with.

Machine Learning Models Generate Clinical Radiology Reports

Researchers used machine learning techniques, including natural language processing algorithms, to identify clinical concepts in radiologist reports for CT scans, according to a study published in the journal Radiology. The technology is an important first step in the development of artificial intelligence that could interpret scans and diagnose conditions.