All news from Anaesthesiology

Paramedic Techniques Used During Cardiac Arrest Similarly Effective

The two most widely used techniques used by paramedics to support a patient's breathing during cardiac arrest are similarly effective, a major new clinical trial has revealed. A two-year study involving more than 9,000 patients and 1,500 paramedics found the use of a modern device to provide advanced rescue breathing during cardiac arrest achieved a similar survival rate to the existing more complex technique.

Researchers focused on outcomes for adult patients 30 days after they received artificial ventilation during a resuscitation attempt for cardiac arrest outside the hospital. The findings of the study were published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA).

Combating High STDs Rate with aid of 'Expedited Partner Therapy'

In a new paper, physicians describe the barriers that stand in the way of getting expedited partner therapy to more people. Nearly 2.3 million times last year, Americans learned they had a sexually transmitted disease. But despite these record-high infection rates for chlamydia and gonorrhea, most patients only receive treatment for their own infection — when they probably could get antibiotics or a prescription for their partner at the same time.

Temporal Changes In Outcome Following ICU Treatment After Traumatic Brain Injury

Patients with severe traumatic brain injury treated at Helsinki University Hospital, Finland, recover to functional independence more often than before. At the same time, the proportions of elderly patients and patients treated conservatively have increased.

The study found no specific reason to explain the observed improvement in outcomes; the results are accounted for by improvements in performance and effectiveness throughout the treatment chain, researchers say.

Harnessing The Immune System To Treat Cancer

Harnessing the immune system to treat cancer shows great promise in some patients, but for many, the response does not last long-term. In an effort to find out why Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center scientists are using a new technology to look at how cancer cells change under the pressure of immunotherapy treatments.

Palliative Sedation Become Euthanasia

A special issue of the journal Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics is devoted to the controversial issue of palliative sedation. As the editor, bioethicist Daniel Sulmasy points out, palliative sedation has special relevance for Christians.

For them, the relief of unnecessary suffering is a duty, but euthanasia is wrong. Identifying the right response to suffering at the end of life is often perplexing, especially since some doctors use palliative sedation as terminal sedation rendering patients unconscious and withdrawing hydration and nutrition until they die.