In a study presented at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine's (SMFM) annual meeting, The Pregnancy Meeting™, researchers unveiled findings that suggest that induction of labor at 39 weeks of gestation among healthy, first-time mothers reduces the rate of cesarean birth as compared to expectant management among the same population.
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HIV infection is associated with the reduced pulmonary function, according to findings from the Copenhagen Comorbidity in HIV infection (COCOMO) study group.
Researchers have established a detailed procedure for quantification of mepirapim and acetyl fentanyl in whole blood and urine specimens using gas chromatography (GC)-tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS). The study findings were published in Forensic Toxicology.
Two viruses closely related to Zika – West Nile and Powassan – can spread from an infected pregnant mouse to her fetuses, causing brain damage and fetal death, according to a new study from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. The findings suggest that Zika may not be unique in its ability to cause miscarriages and birth defects. The study is published in Science Translational Medicine.
Exercising regularly before surgery for lung cancer halves the complication rate afterwards and it reduces length of hospital stay for those patients by almost three days, according to a study published in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the magnitude of effects of recreational football on blood pressure, body composition, lipid profile and muscular fitness with reference to age, gender and health status
Fifteen projects announced will develop new healthcare technologies to tackle international health challenges, ranging from the prevention of limb loss by Syrian refugees to faster diagnosis and treatment for parasitic diseases such as malaria.
Activity-based training has resulted in unexpected benefits for individuals with severe spinal cord injury (SCI). Researchers at the Kentucky Spinal Cord Injury Research Center (KSCIRC) have discovered that the activity-based training improves motor function, also leads to improved bladder and bowel function and increased sexual desire.
A new study, published in the Journal of Neuroscience, identifies a group of neurons responsible for arousal that are directly triggered by carbon dioxide and cause mice to wake up without any changes to breathing.
Thomboelastography (TEG) is a whole blood measure of coagulation which was originally described in the 1950s. However, it has only been in the last few decades that assays have become accessible and viable as a point-of-care test. Following the observation that hemorrhagic shock is associated with an intrinsic coagulopathy, TEG has been used as a method of diagnosing specific coagulation defects in order to direct individualized blood products resuscitation. An alternative transfusion strategy is the administration of fixed ratio products, a paradigm borne out of the military experience.
According to new research from the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), a nuclear medicine scan may locate prostate cancer recurrence after radical prostatectomy early after disease recurrence and could help guide salvage radiotherapy. The study, which utilizes PET/CT with gallium-68 prostate-specific membrane antigen (68Ga-PSMA-11), was published in The Journal of Nuclear Medicine.
A study involved by the researchers report that development of the endocrine pancreas is promoted by a web like network of epithelial tubes that exist only transiently in the developing embryo. These findings suggest that a deeper understanding of this endocrine differentiation 'niche' could propel development of novel treatments for diabetes. The study has published in Genes & Development.