All news from Anaesthesiology

In Comparison Between Intravenous Anesthesia with Desflurane Anesthesia

In this comparative study, researchers showed about healthcare systems in current days are facing significant problems of increasing expenditures. Because of the need to increase efficiency with cost containment, the stress on optimizing operation room (OR) efficiency increased. The time required between the end of surgery till exhumation is of special interest to anesthesiologists because it is affected by anesthesia agents administrated.

A New Method to Discover Interactions Between Proteins

In this study, researchers have used a new method to discover previously unknown interactions between proteins and small metabolic molecules in bacterial cells. The technique can also be used to test the effect of medications. With protein-metabolite interactomics has now added another level to the existing "omics." The researchers recently published a study in the journal Cell.

Neuroprosthetics For Auricular Muscles; Anatomical Study

In this study, researchers studied on neuroscience which can also serve as a bio-controller of human neuroprosthetics. Though, numerous therapeutic and diagnostic wearable devices are designed to monitor and alleviate the symptoms of neurological disorders, brainstem injuries, emotional states, and auditory functions, by making use of the neural networks of the auricular muscles and their locations, which are easily accessible for ergonomic wearable biomedical devices. They can also serve as a bio-controller of human neuroprosthetics.

Novel Grape-derived Compounds may Help Treat Depression

In a study to be published in Nature Communications, scientists describe an extensive analysis of novel grape-derived compounds, dihydrocaffeic acid (DHCA) and malvidin-3'-O-glucoside (Mal-gluc), which might be developed as therapeutic agents for the treatment of depression. The study results indicate that these natural compounds may attenuate depression by targeting newly discovered underlying mechanisms of the disease.

New Insight into Immune Deactivation by Viruses

How do viruses that cause chronic infections, such as HIV or hepatitis c virus, manage to outsmart their hosts' immune systems? The answer to that question has long eluded scientists. 

But in a study, published recently in the journal Immunity, researchers from McGill University has uncovered a molecular mechanism that may be a key piece of the puzzle. The discovery could provide new targets for treating a wide range of diseases.

Assessment of the Antimicrobial Activity of Nanoparticle Combinations

Bacterial cell quantification after exposure to antimicrobial compounds varies widely throughout industry and healthcare. Numerous methods are employed to quantify these antimicrobial effects. With increasing demand for new preventative methods for disease control. Researchers aimed to compare and assess common analytical methods used to determine antimicrobial effects of novel nanoparticle combinations on two different pathogens.

New mouse model makes stem cells light up green

Multipotent stromal cells have long been a hot topic in medical research. Scientists at the University of Bonn have now found a way to specifically mark these stem cells. This makes it possible to analyze their distribution pattern and their function in living organisms. The study, which included researchers from Oxford University, Tsukuba University and the Karolinska Institute Stockholm, is now being published in the journal Cell Stem Cell.