All news from Anaesthesiology

New Discovery may Lead to Effective Vaccine for Staph Skin Infections

Researchers at Johns Hopkins, the University of California, Davis, and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases have discovered how the immune system might protect a person from recurrent bacterial skin infections caused by Staphylococcus aureus (staph). The findings, published in The Journal of Clinical Investigation, open new doors to someday developing vaccines to prevent staph skin infections.

Attitudes of Clinicians about Practice Variation

According to a study published in the PLoS One, the physicians, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants responding to the survey agreed that practice variation should be reduced, but many seemed to have reservations about the feasibility of this aim. Time to appraise and apply practice standards was rated as most helpful in standardizing practice.

New Insight into the Role of Intestinal Microbiome in Obesity

A new study, published in Mucosal Immunologysuggested that intestinal microbiome plays a substantial role in the development of obesity and insulin resistance in mammals, including humans. The findings highlight the potential to prevent obesity and diabetes by manipulating levels and ratios of gut bacteria, and/or modifying the chemical and biological pathways for metabolism-activating genes.

A New Technique for Repairing Posterior Medial Meniscus

In a new study, researchers identified a new technique to compare biomechanically, a novel technique designed to repair PMMR tears using tendon graft (TG) and conventional TPS repair. Transtibial pullout suture (TPS) repair of posterior medial meniscus root (PMMR) tears was shown to achieve good clinical outcomes. The tendon grafts and sutures were threaded through the bone tunnel and then fixed to the anterolateral cortex of the tibia.

A Key Molecule in Energy Production Could Ease Insulin Resistance

According to this study, researchers have restored the levels of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ), a key molecule in energy production in cells, could overcome insulin resistance or pre-diabetes, a precursor to type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Levels of CoQ and the presence of insulin resistance were analysed in a range of experimental laboratory settings, mouse models and samples from humans. The study is Published in eLife.

Antibiotic-Resistant Plasmids Found Even in Hospital Plumbing

To better understand the antibiotic resistant organisms spread, researchers at the National Institutes of Health (NIH), recently collected samples from pipes under the hospital's intensive care unit and from outside manholes draining hospital wastewater. They conducted whole-genome analyzes on the samples to study the bacterial plasmids, or rings of DNA, that can confer resistance to antibiotics.