In this study, researchers assessed the association between chronic kidney disease (CKD) and obesity in predicting CKD among Chinese adults, distinguishing between 5 different adiposity indices: visceral fat index (VFI), percentage body fat (PBF), body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR).
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Vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women could preprogram babies to grow into obese children and adults, according to a Keck School of Medicine of USC-led study, published in the journal Pediatric Obesity.
Enzymes are proteins that speed up or catalyze a reaction in living organisms. Bacteria can produce enzymes that make them resistant to antibiotics. A new study, to be presented at the Biophysical Society's 62nd Annual Meeting in San Francisco, explores how an enzyme changes and becomes antibiotic-resistant.
A study published in Cell Metabolism has revealed new details about how a carbohydrate-restricted diet improves metabolism, which could lead to improved treatments for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
About one-quarter of all long-term care (LTC) residents are transferred to an emergency department (ED) every 6 months in Ontario, Canada. When residents are unable to describe their health issues, ED staff rely on LTC transfer reports to make informed decisions. Older adults use a greater proportion of emergency department (ED) services than other age groups. Those who live in long-term care (LTC) homes are among the highest users.
An MRI breast imaging technique that requires no contrast agent, combined with sophisticated data analysis, could reduce the number of unnecessary breast biopsies, according to a new study published in the journal Radiology.
A new study of mice with the rodent equivalent of metabolic syndrome has added to evidence that the intestinal microbiome, a "garden" of bacterial, viral and fungal genes. It plays a substantial role in the development of obesity and insulin resistance in mammals, including humans. The study published in Mucosal Immunology.
According to Rice University bioengineer Gang Bao, researchers have successfully used gene editing to repair 20 to 40% of stem and progenitor cells taken from the peripheral blood of patients with sickle cell disease. The results were presented at the annual American Association for the Advancement of Science meeting in Austin.
Researchers have now identified sexual orientation discordance – sexual contact that is inconsistent with the individual's sexual orientation – as a potential risk factor for adolescent suicidal ideation and/or attempts. They found that discordant students were 70% more likely to have had suicidal ideas or to have made suicide attempts compared with concordant students, reports the American Journal of Preventive Medicine.
Researchers from the School of Veterinary Medicine at the University of examined the effectiveness of raising awareness of the infectious disease, rabies. Although Western Europe is free from rabies, it continues to pose a threat to animal and human health on the borders of Europe. Although such campaigns are often used, it is rare to assess the effectiveness of such campaigns, which is essential considering their cost and the time taken to undertake them.
Chagas Disease (caused by the parasite Trypanosoma cruzi) and strongyloidiasis (caused by the helminth S. stercoralis) are neglected tropical diseases that share a similar epidemiological burden and result in chronic infections with high morbidity and mortality.