All news from Anaesthesiology

A Set of Nerve Cells in Brain Prevents Convulsive Seizures

According to this study, researchers examined a small set of nerve cells in the brain prevents convulsive seizures in a mouse model of temporal lobe epilepsy, the most common form of epilepsy among human adults. Researchers found Inactivating this nerve-cell population also induces the same cognitive losses that characterize chronic, drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy in humans. This study is be published in Science.

[18F]-FPEB: Binding Potential increased in Individuals with Autism

The present study represents the first time that positron emission tomography (PET) imaging has been used to determine mGluR5 binding in vivo in brains of adults with autism and controls, using [18F]-3-fluoro-5-[(pyridin-3-yl)ethynyl]benzonitrile ([18F]-FPEB), a potent, selective, and systemically active antagonist of mGluR5.

Researchers aimed to investigate if mGluR5 expression in vivo replicated the results obtained by postmortem experiments and whether these changes (if any) positively correlated with autism symptom severity.

Traumatic TMPs Analyzed In Emergency Departments

According to this study, researchers analyzed the mechanism of injury for traumatic TMPs among patients presenting to the ED. In this cross-sectional analysis of 949 emergency department visits, foreign body instrumentation was the most frequent cause of traumatic tympanic membrane perforations. The leading cause of traumatic tympanic membrane perforations(TMPs) may be preventable, and patient education may prevent this frequent cause of injury.

Heart Attack May Often Be Missed Among Women

According to a new study, researchers have shown that symptoms of heart attack may often be missed among women aged 55 years or less as these symptoms may be less common than the traditional chest pains. The study reveals that over half of the physicians who attend to these women may miss the symptoms to be caused by heart attacks before these women are eventually hospitalized. This study has published in Circulation

The negative effects of space exposure on the CNS

A study elucidates that a journey to Mars will be a large milestone for all humankind. Throughout history, health dangers associated with exploratory voyages to expand our frontiers. Travelling through deep space, the final frontier, is planned for the 2030s by NASA. The lessons learned from the adverse health effects of space exposure have been encountered from previous, less-lengthy missions