Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago will conduct a study to determine how the use of menstrual cups helps prevent vaginal infections and sexually transmitted infections.
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In this study, researchers estimated the procedure can be carried out under general anesthesia, sedation with local anesthesia or under local anesthesia only. Literature shows a large variation in the postoperative pain intensity ranging from no postoperative analgesia requirement in two-thirds of the patients up to a rate of 96% of the patients suffering from severe postoperative pain.
In this study, researchers examined the effect of internal limiting membrane peeling during vitrectomy on the Müller cell damage, we examined the ultrastructure of the internal limiting membrane by using focused ion beam/scanning electron microscopy (FIB/SEM). Peeling of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) is a procedure widely applied in surgeries for several macular disorders, such as macular hole (MH), epiretinal membrane (ERM), macular pucker, macular edema, and macular retinoschisis.
The latest "kick-and-kill" research to eliminate the HIV virus uncovered a potential obstacle in finding a cure. A recent study by researchers at the George Washington University (GW) found that latent HIV reservoirs show resistance to CD8+ T-cells, a type of white blood cell whose primary function is to kill infected cells.
A recent study of Latin American general practitioners found no significant association between knowledge of Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and the number of years in practice suggesting an overall lack of sleep medicine content in the medical school curriculum in Latin American countries over time. In Ecuador, Universities have 40 h of Respiratory Medicine curriculum and only 10% are dedicated to teaching sleep apnea.
The level of medical students’ knowledge of OSA at the time of graduation, therefore, can provide insight into their future medical practice in diagnosing OSA and prepare them to be alert when a patient presents with possible sleep apnea.
In a new study presented at the annual meeting of European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI), radiologists with the David Geffen School of Medicine at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) described using ferumoxytol as a contrast agent in vascular imaging of the thorax, abdomen, and pelvis in seven patients who had renal failure as well as claustrophobia.
Police officers are often called to situations that require a quick decision: fire a shot and risk harming, or killing, innocent bystanders; do not fire and there is the potential for being killed in the line of duty.
These decisions often are made in the blink of an eye, making it difficult for any officer to accurately process all of the information. The decisions of police with even minor symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) might be affected. A new study at the University at Buffalo aims to find out.
Cabozantinib (Cabometyx, Exelixis) has shown efficacy in the first-line treatment of radioactive iodine (RAI)–refractory differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) and could offer an option in addition to the drugs approved for this indication, such as sorafenib and lenvatinib.
The study was presented at the 2018 Multidisciplinary Head and Neck Cancers Symposium held in Scottsdale, Arizona.
A new study describing that scientists have identified a key component of the machinery that makes these bundles grow in an orderly fashion. Our ears are exquisite detection instruments, capable of discerning a whisper or distinct notes of music within a symphony. To pick up these sounds, tiny hair-like filaments in the inner ear must be packed into precisely arranged bundles, all facing the same direction. The study have published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Benznidazole is one of the two existing antiparasitic drugs for Chagas' disease treatment. However, it is a poorly tolerated drug and its use to treat chronic disease raises safety concerns. Knowledge about its toxicity profile is scarce and mostly based on post-marketing observational studies.
Researchers at Stanford University are studying how bacteria living in the gut respond to common changes within their habitat, working with mice. They change the gut environment within the mice, and then measure which bacterial species survive the change and how the gut environment itself has changed.
The present study addresses the question of the most appropriate and effective strategy to minimize the risk of transfusion-transmitted hepatitis E virus (TT-HEV infection), taking into account the costs, the logistics of testing, and the infection risk and outcome of HEV-infected blood recipients. The present review provides a comprehensive view of the various aspects of TT-HEV infection and a discussion on the current status on the issue of screening for this virus.