Adequacy of the current clinical definition of institutional influenza outbreaks is unclear. We performed a retrospective genome sequencing and epidemiologic analysis of institutional influenza outbreaks that occurred during the 2014–15 influenza season in Toronto, Canada. They sequenced the 2 earliest submitted samples positive for influenza A(H3N2) from each of 38 reported institutional outbreaks in long-term care facilities.
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According to a study, researchers examine patients undergoing rhinoplasty, preoperative mental health does not appear to affect patient satisfaction with functional outcomes. Researchers conducted a study to observe baseline nasal function and postsurgical functional outcomes for 88 consecutive patients undergoing rhinoplasty. This study has published in JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.
A bone marrow transplant is often the only therapy available to save leukemia patients, but the risk of complications is high. In spite of devoting considerable time and effort to finding a suitable donor, nearly half of all patients experience an unwanted reaction of their immune system, which often attacks their skin and liver and in up to 50% of cases the intestines.
Researchers at FAU have succeeded in deciphering what causes this in some instances life-threatening inflammation of the intestines, possibly opening up new approaches for treatment. They have published the results of their research in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.
Constrictions of the coronary blood vessels is a possible consequence of type 1 diabetes, and one that can eventually lead to myocardial infarction or heart failure. In general, women are afflicted by coronary artery disease later than men, but if a woman has type 2 diabetes, the advantage is negated. This study is published in The Journal Diabetes Care.
A new study led by NYU School of Medicine researchers identifies a novel treatment strategy that preserved neuromuscular synapses in a mouse model of aggressive amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The study, published in the journal eLife, found that the loss of such synapses was reduced in ALS mice injected with antibodies that stimulate a molecule in the muscle which keeps nerves attached to the muscle.
A new study led by Tel Aviv University identifies novel molecular biomarkers of preeclampsia, signaling the potential for an early diagnostic blood test. The study findings were published in the journal Scientific Reports.
A study showed that Bacteria-killing viruses could be employed not just in health care, but also in the food industry. Research focused on the utilisation of viruses that infect and kill bacteria, known as bacteriophages or phages, in preventing infectious diseases has gained new traction after bacterial resistance to antibiotics has become a global problem.
A study showed that regional anesthesia is associated with decreased risk of complications after major surgery. However, the effects of combined regional-general anesthesia remain controversial. The purpose of our study was to analyze the impact of anesthesia on the risk of postoperative complications in patients undergoing open surgery for pheochromocytoma.
The hormone helps prime cells for implantation, a vital stage in early pregnancy when a fertilized egg attaches to the womb lining, the study suggests.
Women who complain about chest pain often are reassured by their doctors that there is no reason to worry because their angiograms show that the women don't have blockages in the major heart arteries, a primary cause of heart attacks in men. Researchers show that about 8% of those women actually have scars on their heart that indicate they experienced a heart attack. The study has published in Circulation.
The scientists from the German Cancer Research Center (DKFZ), have combined an advanced method of diffusion-weighted MR imaging with intelligent image analysis methods to detect malignant changes in tissues. This method may prevent many control biopsies following suspicious findings from mammography screenings. This advancement holds promise for substantial improvements in the diagnosis of breast cancer.
Gabapentin, a nerve pain medication, and anticonvulsant, increasingly is being misused, necessitating prescribers to understand its abuse potential and risk profile, according to a new study.