All news from Anaesthesiology

Determine The Frequency Of Adenotonsillar Hypertrophy In Pre-School Children

In this study, researchers examined to assess the association between SCD and ATH, and the diagnostic accuracy of the SDCS for ATH in pre-school children with SCD. The Sleep Disturbance Scale for Children (SDSC) is a questionnaire validated for the Portuguese language that has been increasingly used in studies on SDB in children and adolescents. The causes of ATH are not yet fully known, however, recurring chronic or acute inflammation seem to be involved.

New developments in the Management of Muscle Disease in Children

A new study published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM) describe the efficacy of Spinraza, a gene therapy medication, in the treatment of next most severe form of neuromuscular disease. The researchers found that Spinraza provides significant improvements in cases with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA), which afflicts children from 6 to 18 months of age.

Exercise May Help Improve Brain Health

A new study led by Australian researchers looked at the effects of aerobic exercise on a region of the brain called the hippocampus, which is critical for memory and other brain functions. The researchers find that aerobic exercise can improve memory and maintain brain health as we age.

Delirium in the ICU And Long-Term Cognitive Decline are Linked

Critically ill patients who experience long periods of hypoxic, septic or sedative-associated delirium, or a combination of the three, during an intensive care unit (ICU) stay are more likely to have long-term cognitive impairment one year after discharge from the hospital, according to a new study from the University of Pittsburgh and Vanderbilt University. This is the first study to show more than half of patients with acute respiratory failure or shock, or both, develop multiple sub-categories of delirium with lasting effects.

Practical Approvals For In-Flight Medical Emergencies

Hearing this call go out at 36,000 feet can be anxiety-provoking for any physician and may trigger a dilemma of whether to respond, or wait to see if anyone else will offer their expertise. They have developed practical recommendations for in-flight medical emergencies for healthcare professionals. The study has published online today in the journal CMAJ.

Prebronchodilator and Postbronchodilator Spirometry Values for COPD

Researchers compared the predictive value of prebronchodilator and postbronchodilator predicted for chronic bronchitis, dyspnoea, exercise capacity and COPD radiographic findings at phase 1 (baseline); respiratory exacerbations, change in dyspnoea, FEV1 and exercise capacity from phase 1 to phase 2 visit (about 5 years apart); and mortality.

They also examined whether subjects with discordance in prebronchodilator and postbronchodilator spirometry have different clinical, functional and radiographic features.