All news from Anaesthesiology

Accessory Ossicles Of The Foot And Ankle; Bone Anatomy

Accessory ossicles of the foot and ankle are normal variants of bone development that usually remain asymptomatic. However, they may be involved in various disorders and become a source of pain such as in fractures, dislocations, degenerative changes, osteonecrosis, osteoarthritis, osteochondral lesions, avascular necrosis, and irritation or impingement of adjacent soft tissues.

New Study Show Signal Symptoms of A Heart Attack

According to new research, search engine queries related to common heart disease symptoms track closely with geographic and seasonal trends for coronary heart disease hospitalizations. The previous study has used internet search data to gain insights into the spread of infectious disease. This new study is among the first to focus on searches relevant to heart disease, including terms that may signal symptoms of a heart attack.

Health Outcomes Index: Nudging India to Progress

India is committed to the United Nations Sustainable Development Goal (UN-SDG) to ensure “good health and well-being” of all its citizens. The release of “Healthy States, Progressive India” report has spurred a vibrant debate on the status and future of India’s health sector. Understandably, the focus has been on the performance and annual progress of states and Union territories on a myriad of health indicators. This index will help nudge states towards improving their health sector outcomes in the spirit of cooperative and competitive federalism.

Structure of Nanoscaffold And Its Interaction With Heart Cells

Researchers have studied the structure of a nanofibrous scaffold, as well as its interaction with rat cardiac cells. The study, which is part of the research into heart tissue regeneration, revealed that cardiomyocytes, the heart muscle cells, envelop nanofibers as they grow, while fibroblasts, which are connective tissue cells, tend to spread out on fibers forming several focal adhesion sites. The study was published in the journal Acta Biomaterialia.

Effectiveness of HIV Prevention Method Varies in Women

A new study by scientists at the Centre for the AIDS Programme in Research in South Africa (CAPRISA), published in Nature Medicine this week, shows that genital inflammation significantly reduces the effectiveness of tenofovir gel in preventing HIV infection in women. These findings indicate that both genital inflammation and adherence need to be addressed to improve the effectiveness of topical pre-exposure prophylaxis strategies for HIV prevention in women.