The same kind of fat cells that help newborn babies regulate their body temperature could be a target for weight-loss drugs in adults, according to a study published online in the journal Cell Metabolism. Scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, have discovered that brown fat cells, which help mammals regulate their body temperature, work much like muscle cells, the researchers discovered.
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A study at Children's Hospital Los Angeles is shedding new light on the best therapeutic approach for a rare and aggressive leukemia called mixed phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL).
The study identifies the presence of chemical toxicants associated with e-cigarette use among adolescents. Urine excretion of metabolites of acrylonitrile, acrolein and acrylamide was significantly higher in dual users, which are carcinogenic
Patients and their caregivers desire information about upcoming imaging tests, but many are not getting it, according to a study published online in the journal Radiology. The researchers found that among patients undergoing an imaging test, only 78% said they had basic information about the procedure before the test itself, report researchers.
An Italian study featured in the March issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine demonstrates that a novel nuclear medicine imaging agent targeting copper accumulation in tumors can detect prostate cancer recurrence early in patients with biochemical relapse (rising prostate-specific antigen [PSA] level).
Increasing levels of human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B*27 are linked to more severe sonographic enthesitis in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA), according to a study published in Arthritis & Rheumatology.
Researchers at the School of Medicine said they are encouraged by early results from a clinical trial in which participants are being given an antibody-based treatment rather than chemotherapy or radiation to prepare them for a blood stem cell transplant.
Newborn syphilis cases have shot up in the U.S. in recent years, so an expert panel is reaffirming the need to screen all pregnant women for the infection.
The scientists from Fraunhofer Institutes have developed a process to analyze and select cells and then examine their protein production. In pharmaceutical research, this will make it possible to develop active ingredients much faster than before. This project from the pre-competitive research will be presented at Analytica trade fair in Munich.
According to a new study, researchers examined around 2039 patients in both Singapore's restructured hospitals and New Zealand's hospitals, revealed answers to key questions about the epidemiology of heart failure. They set out how two distinct forms of heart failure previously considered similar in prevalence and risk of death, are in fact very different. The study has published in the European Heart Journal.
In a study published in Science Translational Medicine, the scientists have uncovered new mechanisms by which HIV hides in infected cells, resting in a latent state that evades the body's immune system and prevents antiviral drugs from flushing it out. The findings could help scientists design and test new and effective drugs for HIV infection.