A new study shows that up to twice the standard daily dose of rifampin was safe in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. The findings suggest that TB therapy can be shortened using higher doses, which could potentially improve outcomes without increasing toxicity.
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Anxiety is one of the most common health disorders, and it's more likely to affect middle-aged women. Although many factors cause stress, a new study suggests that the amount of abdominal fat a woman has could increase her chances of developing anxiety
Researchers have performed a procedure using a new device called the Pascal system in a patient with tricuspid regurgitation – a condition in which the valve separating the two right chambers of the heart is leaking. This can cause the heart to enlarge, eventually leading to symptoms of heart failure such as shortness of breath, fatigue and leg swelling. The study has been published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology: Cardiovascular Interventions.
India recently began a bold experiment in the delivery of healthcare that, if successful, will bring medicine and treatment to 500 million poor and near-poor Indians.
To put that in perspective, when the US—a country of about 320 million—rolled out its Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2010, the goal was to extend healthcare to nearly 50 million. Despite its many successes, the ACA experienced a number of difficulties, especially during roll-out, and some of those issues lingered for years.
An objective of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of apnoeic oxygenation during airway management in children. Airway management is a core clinical skill in anesthesia. Pre-oxygenation before induction of anesthesia is a standard practice to prevent desaturation. Apnoeic oxygenation in adults is efficient and prolongs the time to desaturation. Anaesthetic agents and muscle relaxants used in general anesthesia inhibit spontaneous respiration, resulting in apnoea.
Researchers from Biophysics departments have expanded greater understanding about the structure of nanofibrous scaffolds, termed nanoscaffolds in a study that is researching heart tissue regeneration. They have studied the structure of a nanofibrous scaffold, as well as its interaction with rat cardiac cells, as part of a study into heart tissue regeneration. The study was published in the journal Acta Biomaterialia.
A mosquito's ability to replicate and transmit a virus depends on the metabolic environment of tissues in its midgut: the primary site of infection. By targeting the sphingolipid pathway, which links together several pathways important for cell signaling and subcellular structure that are altered by the virus infection, researchers could devise strategies that stall viral replication in the mosquito and prevent its transmission to humans.
A new study, published in the International Journal of Medical Informatics , is the first quantitative analysis on the divergent scopes of practice for nurses and doctors. The study uniquely leveraged computer science technology to compare individual-level patient care provided by nurses and doctors using information routinely documented in the electronic health record.
A new study, published in the journal Arthritis Care & Research, revealed that mortality rates were increased for patients with rheumatoid arthritis relative to the general population across most causes of death.
Recent findings suggest a novel positron emission tomography (PET) imaging approach determining epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation status for improved lung cancer patient management
Research team established a synthetic molecule that can kill five deadly types of multidrug-resistant bacteria with limited, if any, side effects. Their new material could be developed into an antimicrobial drug to treat patients with antibiotic-resistant infections. The study was published in the scientific journal Nature Communications.