Bone measurement analysis indicates that the remains found on a remote island in the South Pacific were likely those of legendary American pilot Amelia Earhart, according to a study published in the Forensic Anthropology.
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A newly-discovered hereditary mutation is responsible for an increased production of erythropoietin (EPO) in the blood. This mutation causes a messenger RNA (mRNA) that is not normally involved in the formation of proteins to be reprogrammed so that it produces EPO, thus abnormally increasing the number of red blood cells. The study findings are reported in The New England Journal of Medicine.
A new collaborative, multi-institutional study, published in JAMA Oncology, suggests that magnetic resonance imaging-based prediction models can help reduce unnecessary biopsies in suspected prostate cancer patients and help improve personalized risk stratification.
Patients and caregivers should be offered realistic information after a major stroke, but the term “palliative care” should be avoided to minimize misunderstanding, according to two new studies published March 5 in CMAJ.
Huge numbers of pregnant women and new mothers are taking their own lives in Nepal as they deal with extreme poverty, natural disasters, domestic violence, and oppression. Research shows suicide represents 16% of all deaths in women of reproductive age. The rate is higher than previously recorded and there has been a considerable increase over the past few years. But a new project which trained midwives about mental health issues might hold the key to turning this around.
Researchers evaluated the proteins that regulate cell operations do not confine their research to understanding the molecules. They also look deep into the proteins' evolutionary past to explore what structures have allowed proteins with new functions to develop in response to new needs. The study was published in the journal Science.
In the first study to measure the link between an employee's number of paid sick leave days and the use of vital preventive health care services like getting a flu shot, researchers found a 26 to 85% increase in preventive health care use among those with at least 10 or more paid sick leave days. For the female-focused preventive services, they showed a 55% increase in the use of preventive mammography.
Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a growing global health concern. DM is a metabolic disease of multiple aetiologies, characterised by resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both, and associated with disturbance of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism. The three commonest types of diabetes are Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (T1DM), Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) and Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM).
Women with breast cancer are often afraid of receiving radiotherapy , but a new study, published in the journal Cancer , reveals that women who have received the same treatment suggest their experiences with it were much better than they expected.
Youth sports has experienced a paradigm shift over the past 15 to 20 years. Gone are the days filled with pick-up basketball games and free play. Kids are increasingly specializing in sports.
In this study, researchers evaluated some various classifications of pneumatization of the temporal bone and their comparison. The air cells are classified based on their location in the temporal bone in a radiograph or based on their interpretation by a radiologist or otolaryngologist with the help of different reference structures.
Researchers have revealed a link between low thyroid hormone levels and wound healing complications. The retrospective study looked at 182 patients with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma who were first treated with radiation, but ultimately required a total laryngectomy, or removal of the voice box. The study was published in the Annals of Surgical Oncology.