All news from Anaesthesiology

Optical Tools: Metabolic Changes Linked to Disease detected

Metabolic changes in cells can occur at the earliest stages of the disease. In most cases, knowledge of those signals is limited, since we usually detect disease only after it has done significant damage.

Researchers have opened a window into the cell by developing an optical tool that can read metabolism at subcellular resolution, without having to perturb cells with contrast agents or destroy them to conduct assays. As reported in Science Advances, the researchers were able to use the method to identify specific metabolic signatures that could arise in diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases.

Australia Treats Self For Heart Attack And Sprang Into Action

In this study, researchers evaluated at a health clinic, remote seaside settlement in Australia, a 44-year-old nurse sensed he was having a heart attack and sprang into action, saving his own life. The man experienced severe chest pain and dizziness while he was the sole medical professional on duty at a nursing post in Coral Bay, more than 600 miles from Perth, the capital of Western Australia. The study was published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Schizophrenia Linked to Elevated Risk Of Breast Cancer

Patients with schizophrenia are considered to have many risk factors for the development of cancer. But the incidence of breast cancer in women with schizophrenia compared with the general population remains uncertain. A new study, published in JAMA Psychiatry, evaluate the link between schizophrenia and the risk of breast cancer, and found that incidence of breast cancer is higher among women with schizophrenia than the incidence among the general female population.

Read more at Speciality Medical Dialogues: Women with schizophrenia at higher risk of breast cancer – JAMA https://speciality.medicaldialogues.in/women-with-schizophrenia-at-higher-risk-of-breast-cancer-jama/
Read more at Speciality Medical Dialogues: Women with schizophrenia at higher risk of breast cancer – JAMA https://speciality.medicaldialogues.in/women-with-schizophrenia-at-higher-risk-of-breast-cancer-jama/
Read more at Speciality Medical Dialogues: Women with schizophrenia at higher risk of breast cancer – JAMA https://speciality.medicaldialogues.in/women-with-schizophrenia-at-higher-risk-of-breast-cancer-jama/

More Realistic and Accurate Organs-on-Chips

In a step toward better diagnosis and treatment of digestive conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease, scientists report in ACS Biomaterials & Engineering that they have developed a first-of-its-kind collagen-based membrane for use in microchips.

The membrane is more natural than others that are available, and it could allow organs-on-chips to more accurately replicate how healthy intestinal cells become diseased and how they react to drug treatments.