All news from Anaesthesiology

Anaesthesia Operates In The Brain During Surgery

Researchers examined that anesthesia operates in the brain, but the standard protocol among anesthesiologists when monitoring and dosing patients during surgery is to rely on indirect signs of arousal like movement, and changes in heart rate and blood pressure. The key has been to develop a theoretical and analytical understanding of electroencephalogram (EEG) brain wave measurements of patients under general anesthesia.

Ebola: New Approach to Potentially Fight the Infecction

Researchers have shown an innovative antibody delivery method could be an effective way to prevent and treat Ebola infection. They demonstrated that delivering a monoclonal antibody gene to a cell through a viral vector — a process that bypasses the need for the host to generate a natural immune response — provided up to 100% protection against infection in mice. The mice expressed the antibody for more than 300 days.Their findings were published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Future Space Exploration Missions Will Take Humans Far Beyond Earth

In this study, researchers assessed that Austere and isolated have been used extensively as test beds for spaceflight to probe hazards, train crews, develop clinical protocols and countermeasures for prospective space missions. Future space exploration missions will take humans far beyond low Earth orbit and require complete crew autonomy. The ability to provide anaesthesia will be important given the expected risk of severe medical events requiring surgery.

Thirdhand Smoke Aggrevates Lung Cancer

Researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) identified thirdhand smoke, the toxic residues that linger on indoor surfaces and in dust long after a cigarette has been extinguished, as a health hazard nearly 10 years ago. Now a new study has found that it also increases lung cancer risk in mice.

Use of Acetaminophen Overdosing Common

Researchers examined more than 14,000 adults about their recent use of acetaminophen found significant numbers are exceeding the maximum adult daily dose of 4 g (4000 mg). They found that the odds of taking more than 4 g of acetaminophen in 1 day increased 24% in the cold/flu season compared with the off-season (6.5% during cold/flu season vs 5.3%).

New Insights Of Disorder Of The Dorsal Eye

The eye primordium arises as a lateral outgrowth of the forebrain, with a transient fissure on the inferior side of the optic cup providing an entry point for developing blood vessels. Incomplete closure of the inferior ocular fissure results in coloboma, a disease characterized by gaps in the inferior eye and recognized as a significant cause of pediatric blindness.

Genetic Variation in Ribosomal RNA May Have Health Implications

The millions of cellular machines called ribosomes, which translate the genetic code carried by DNA into proteins, have long been thought to all be identical. A new study published in the journal Science Advances suggests that genetic variation in ribosomal RNA, the most essential component of the ribosome, may influence how much and which proteins are made. This finding could explain why ribosomal genes have been linked to developmental disorders.