All news from Anaesthesiology

New Regional Anaesthetic Techniques, Local Anaesthetics And Adjuvants

In this study, researchers analyzed some of the newer regional anesthetic techniques, long-acting local anesthetics, and adjuvants, and discuss evidence for key outcomes such as cancer recurrence and safety with ultrasound guidance. Advances in ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia and the introduction of newer long-acting local anesthetics have given clinicians an opportunity to apply novel approaches to block peripheral nerves with ease.

Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria Cases Have Increased In Hospital

In the study, Cases of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in hospitals have increased dramatically in recent years, and the health system faces tremendous problems as a result. Alongside Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Klebsiella pneumonia, another pathogen has now arrived on the scene, Acinetobacter baumannii. Acinetobacter baumannii infections are often fatal due to its increasing antibiotic resistance. The study was published in the journal mBio.

Cardiac PET More Effective Than SPECT scans

Patients who receive cardiac positron emission testing (PET) imaging instead of single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) scan experienced a significant increase in the detection of severe obstructive coronary artery disease.

TDF: Ineffective in Mother-to-Child Transmission of Hepatitis B Virus

Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF), an antiviral drug commonly prescribed to treat hepatitis B infection, does not significantly reduce mother-to-child transmission of hepatitis B virus when taken during pregnancy and after delivery, according to a phase III clinical trial in Thailand funded by the National Institutes of Health.

The study tested TDF therapy in addition to the standard preventative regimen—administration of hepatitis B vaccine and protective antibodies at birth—to explore the drug's potential effects on mother-to-child transmission rates. The results appear in the New England Journal of Medicine.