All news from Anaesthesiology

Approaches in Reducing the Prevalence of LBW in Bangladesh

In this study, researchers aim to explore the prevalence statistics on low birth weight(LBW) and analyze socioeconomic, demographic and health factors related to LBW in the population of Bangladesh based on a sub-sample from a nationally representative data. Additionally, they aim to assess the nation’s progress towards SDGs from this sub-study.

This study provides a measure of the success of public health policy and interventions, and at a broad level aims to help shape future approaches to reducing the prevalence of LBW.

Estimate Sound Sources Accurately Can Be Crucial For Survival

According to a new study, researchers have invented a novel mechanism that is employed by humans to estimate their relative distance from sound sources. The ability to estimate distances to sound sources accurately can be crucial for survival. The investigation reveals that humans can perform this task more efficiently when they are allowed to move. The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

New Treatment For Eczema

In this study, researchers examined eczema affects about 17% of children in developed countries and is often the gateway to food allergy and asthma, initiating an "atopic march" toward broader allergic sensitization. There are treatments, steroid creams, and a recently approved biologic, but they are expensive or have side effects. The study was published in Science Immunology.

Experts Debate Whether Acupuncture Relieves Pain

A new study reveals that acupuncture is a safe alternative to drugs and is under-researched because of a lack of commercial interest, while another study found no convincing evidence of clinical benefit and potential risks of the procedure. So should doctors recommend acupuncture for pain? Experts debate the issue in The BMJ.

Genetic Defects Of Ciliary Genes Causing The Loss Of Primary Cilium In ADPKD

The study evaluates the genetic defects of ciliary genes causing the loss of primary cilium in autosomal dominant polycystic (ADPKD). Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a multisystem disorder characterized by the formation of cysts in the kidneys and other organs. ADPKD affects more than 12.5 million people worldwide.

Approximately 50% of patients with ADPKD have the end-stage renal disease (ESRD) by 60 years of age. Dialysis and kidney transplantation are the only treatment options for patients with ESRD. The reason for the absence of targeted treatment is insufficient understanding of the molecular mechanism of cystogenesis. The primary cilium is a signaling organelle that extends from the surface of the plasma membrane of most mammalian cells.