All news from Anaesthesiology

Significant Clinical Differences Between Men and Women with Sleep Apnea

Researchers from the UCLA School of Nursing examined clinical records and magnetic resonance imaging brain scans of patients who were recently diagnosed with sleep apnea, and discovered several apparent connections between thinning of the brain's cerebral cortex and apnea symptoms. The researchers also could discern distinct changes in brain structures and concurrent symptoms that differed between men and women.

Study Shows the Effect of Cardiac Care Costs on Patient Outcomes

The researchers at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) analyzed the relationship between 30-day episode spending for inpatient and post-discharge care and patient mortality following a hospital admission for heart attack. The study suggests that increased spending is associated with a modest reduction in patient mortality.

Microvascular Networks Composed Of Smallest Blood Vessels

According to a study, researchers examine the behavior of blood cells flowing within single, straight vessels is a well-known problem, less is known about the individual cellular-scale events giving rise to blood behavior in microvascular networks. The human body, microvascular networks composed of the smallest blood vessels are a central part of the body's function. The study was published in the Biophysical Journal.

Interpersonal Violence (IPV) Was Associated with Suicidality

A population-based study in Nepal that included both urban and rural areas found that 16.3% of women who experienced any IPV reported a change in their mental health after the incident.

A recent psychological autopsy study of police-reported suicides in Nepal found that at least 61% of the women who died by suicide had a relative who knew they had been physically abused as an adult. Moreover, this study found that in rural Nepal the vast majority of these female suicides (85%) occurred before 26 years of age. 

Kidney Transplantation From Extended Criteria Donors

The study estimates the transplantation of a kidney from extended criteria donors with diagnosed brain-death forms to program that increases the number of transplantations.To compare the results of ECD with those of standard criteria donors (SCD).Collection of kidneys from extended criteria donors (ECD) with diagnosed brain-death forms a part of the collection program that increases the number of transplantations.

Microbes in Gut influence severity of parasitic intestinal infections

A new study indicates that the kinds of microbes living in the gut influence the severity and recurrence of parasitic worm infections in developing countries. Researchers recommend that manipulating the gut's microbial communities may protect against intestinal parasites, which affect more than 1 billion people worldwide. The study was published online in the journal Microbiome.

Collagen-Based Membrane Developed For Use in Microchips

In a step toward better diagnosis and treatment of digestive conditions, such as inflammatory bowel disease, scientists report in ACS Biomaterials & Engineering that they have developed a first-of-its-kind collagen-based membrane for use in microchips.

The membrane is more natural than others that are available, and it could allow organs-on-chips to more accurately replicate how healthy intestinal cells become diseased and how they react to drug treatments.