All news from Anaesthesiology

Effect Of Environmental Component On Astronauts In Spaceflight

In this study, researchers analyzed the impact of each environmental component on astronauts it is important to investigate potential influences in isolation. Spaceflight introduces a combination of environmental stressors, including microgravity, ionizing radiation, changes in diet and altered atmospheric gas composition. Rodent spaceflight experiments involve both standard vivarium cages and animal enclosure modules (AEMs), which are cages used to house rodents in spaceflight.

Skin Diseases Are More Common In Megacities

A team of researchers from several institutions in South Korea has found a possible explanation for higher rates of skin diseases in megacities. The researchers describe their study of the skin microbiome of people living in vast cities versus those living in smaller cities. The study was published in Science Advances.

New Insight into How Herpes Lurks in Neurons, Ready to Strike

Once herpes simplex infects a person, the virus remain dormant inside neurons, hibernating there for life, periodically waking up from its sleep to reignite infection, causing cold sores or genital lesions to recur. A new study published in the journal mBio, shows that the virus uses a host protein called CTCF, or cellular CCCTC-binding factor, to do just that.

Mobile Phone Incentives Raised the Child Immunization Rates

In a study conducted in rural India, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers working in collaboration with Bal Umang Drishya Sanstha (BUDS), a nonprofit Indian organization focused on child health, have found that mobile phone reminders linked with incentives such as free talk time minutes work better than phone alerts alone to improve childhood immunization rates in poor communities. The results of the study, which tracked more than 500 child caregivers for nearly a year, appear in the journal Pediatrics.

Factors Associated with Unplanned Baby Birth

Recent studies explain that in Australia, around four to five in 1,000 births are recorded as "other," meaning the delivery didn't occur in hospital, in a birth center, or as a planned home birth under the presence of medical professionals

Ebola infection: ZMapp Antibody Delivered by Viral Vector Provides Protection

A new study comparing the effectiveness of individual ZMapp antibodies versus a cocktail of antibodies, administered to mice using recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV) delivery vectors, showed the ability to achieve 100% protection against infection by Ebola virus. The study, which reported the best results using a single rAAV-delivered antibody, is published in Human Gene Therapy, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers.