A new study shows that a population of bacteria containing 100 cells or less responds to antibiotics randomly not homogeneously like a larger population. Small populations of pathogenic bacteria may be harder to kill off than larger populations because they respond differently to antibiotics . The study was published in the journal eLife .
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The National Institute for Research in Reproductive Health (ICMR-NIRRH) along with collaborative partners in India are in the process of developing guidelines for the prevention and management of infertility in the public health-care system.
To fill the gap in information on infertility related available services and management practices at different levels of public health system, this study was conducted to assess the availability and practices of prevention and management services for infertility in the district health-care system.
In addition, focus group discussions were also carried out to understand the perceptions of the community on various aspects of infertility. This paper pertains to health facility level findings on infertility prevention and management.
While heart patients who participate in cardiac rehab programs typically do well during enrollment, they tend to revert to unhealthy lifestyles once the formal gym-based regimens end. A new study, published in the American Heart Journal, was designed to sustain patients’ lifestyle improvements after supervised cardiac rehab.
Emergency general surgery patients are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality because of the nature of acute surgical conditions and the challenges related to prophylaxis. Venous thromboembolism (VTE) is the most preventable cause of morbidity and mortality in US hospitals, and approximately 2.5% of emergency general surgery (EGS) patients will be diagnosed with a VTE event.
The larva of the sleeping chironomid, Polypedilum vanderplanki — a mosquito-like insect that inhabits semi-arid areas of Africa — is well known for being able to come back to life after being nearly completely desiccated, losing up to 97% of its body's water content. Now, researchers have discovered that a gene called heat shock factor — which is present in some form in nearly all living organisms on earth — has been coopted by the species to survive desiccation.
As people grow older, their leg muscles become progressively smaller and weaker, leading to frailty and disability. Scientists from Manchester Metropolitan University have found why people experience muscle loss in old age, an advance that may pave the way for reversing the condition in the future.
According to a new study, researchers evaluated that Merkel Cell Carcinoma is highly aggressive and often deadly and it's also becoming more common. Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare type of skin cancer, affecting only a few thousand people each year, compared to tens of thousands with melanoma. The study was published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.
A new study suggests the risk for occult gynecologic cancer in women who undergo hysterectomy or myomectomy for benign indications is low but not trivial, particularly in women older than 55 years
A portion of the hippocampus, called the dentate gyrus, responsible for memory and emotion, has been shown to be involved in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Now, a team of scientists suggest that defects in the nuclear receptor called LXRβ (Liver X receptor Beta) lead to abnormal development of the dentate gyrus and to behavioral changes characteristic for ASD.
In this study, researchers assessed the hormone estrogen helps blood vessels stay healthy and pliable, but obesity further increases levels of another hormone that results in blood vessels that are instead inflamed, stiff and scarred. Youth keeps estrogen levels high, and being female also keeps levels of the hormone aldosterone naturally higher in females than males, which has a positive role in regulating blood pressure.
In the research, scientists uncovered the therapeutic benefits of genetically improving inhibitory interneuron, which can adequately control the activity of excitatory cells and restore brain rhythms by transplanting them into the brain of a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease,
A new study, published in the journal Lancet Respiratory Medicine, aimed to find genetic variants affecting susceptibility to corticosteroid-induced adrenal suppression. Research from the University of Liverpool identifies the genetic variant that could improve the safety and effectiveness of corticosteroids, drugs that are used to treat a range of common and rare conditions including asthma, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).