All news from Anaesthesiology

Pseudotumor Cerebri Possible Implications In Microgravity

The visual impairment and intracranial pressure (VIIP) syndrome is a neuro-ophthalmologic condition described in astronauts returning from long-duration space missions. Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH), also known as pseudotumor cerebri, is characterized by a chronic elevation of intracranial pressure (ICP) in the absence of an intracranial mass lesion.

Because VIIP and IIH share some neurologic and ophthalmologic manifestations, the latter might be used as a model to study some of the processes underlying VIIP. Human space exploration involves multi-system health risks.

Study Uncover the Role of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Wound Healing

Researchers at the Penn Dental Medicine set out to determine whether and how gingival mesenchymal stem cells (GMSCs) play a role in accelerated wound healing. The findings, published in the journal Science Translational Medicine, indicating that these cells secrete tiny vesicles packed with signaling proteins, point the way forward for therapeutic strategies that aim to harness the prowess of stem cells to treat delayed wound healing.

Fully Synthetic Flu Vaccine Developed

Scientists in Cairns (Australia) and Cardiff (Wales) have taken an important first step towards solving two problems that hinder access to vaccines: they need to be kept cool, and no one likes needles.

Effects of Child Abuse, Neglect reduced with Educational Success

The emotional and sexual abuse that some children endure can lead them to commit crimes later in life. But when children achieve good grades and do not skip school, the likelihood of self-reported, chronic criminal behaviors declines significantly, according to researchers at the University of Michigan and University of Washington.

Management of DDH in Infants

The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) Board of Directors approved new Appropriate Use Criteria (AUC) for Management of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH) in Infants up to Six Months of Age. In babies and children with developmental dislocation (dysplasia) of the hip, the hip "ball and socket" joint is not formed normally and may easily be dislocated.

The AUC is also the first to provide an online diagnostic tool for management of DDH customized for both generalists and referring physicians and orthopaedic specialists to better detect and determine appropriate treatments for the nonoperative management of DDH.

Penis Cancer: Over 25% Individuals Are Not on Recommended Treatment

A major international survey has found that around a quarter of patients are not receiving the recommended treatment for cancer of the penis. It also found that these patients had half the survival rate of those who were treated according to guidelines.

The study, presented at the EAU conference in Copenhagen, finds that non-adherence is partly due to patients refusing treatment, or doctors being reluctant to treat appropriately or being unfamiliar with the best procedures.