All news from Anaesthesiology

A Vital Protein and Its Functions

Researchers have developed and described a llama-antibody that might have a significant impact on future diagnostics and treatment of, e.g., kidney diseases. The research team has studied an important protein, called C3, from the part of the innate immune system known as the complement system. Upon recognition of pathogenic organisms or dying cells from our own body, C3 is cleaved by blood enzymes as part of a defense mechanism.

Urological Cancers: x5 Greater Suicide Rate in Patients

A major UK survey has shown that patients with urological cancer such as prostate, bladder or kidney cancer are five times more likely to commit suicide than people without cancer.

The analysis also shows that cancer patients generally are around three times more likely to commit suicide than the general population and that the proportion of attempted suicides which result in a completed or successful suicide was higher in cancer patients, with a higher proportion still in patients with urological cancers.

Cause of Spaceflight Induced Immunodeficiency

Spaceflight presents a spectrum of stresses very different from those associated with terrestrial conditions. The previous study integrated the expressions of mRNAs, microRNAs, and proteins and results indicated that microgravity induces an immunosuppressive state that can facilitate the opportunistic pathogenic attack. However, the existing data are not sufficient for elucidating the molecular drivers of the given immunosuppressed state.

GvHD Diagnosis And Scoring After HCT with the Aid of 'eGVHD App'

Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation (HCT) is a curative and established treatment approach for patients with hematological malignancies such as leukemia. However, graft-versus-host disease (GvHD), where the transplanted stem cells react against the tissues of the patient, is a major complication and often results in late morbidity and mortality, as well as in a reduction of quality of life. The accurate evaluation of this disease is thus of paramount importance to correctly evaluate and optimize transplantation outcome.

Australians Are Unaware Of Sun Protection And Prone To Skin Cancer

A new study from Cancer Council Australia has shown that despite bearing the brunt of the hot sun’s UV rays and being prone to skin cancer, Australians are largely unaware of the protective uses of sunscreen and fail to adopt sunscreen application practices correctly. The study revealed that most Australians (92 percent) do not know that they need to be protecting themselves from the harsh rays of the sun when the UV levels are three or above.