This year's unexpectedly aggressive flu season reminds everyone that although the flu vaccine can reduce the number of people who contract the virus, it is still not 100% effective. Researchers report that a tweak to a small-molecule drug shows promise for future production of new antiviral therapies that could help patients, regardless of the strain with which they are infected.
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A study examined that a compound in beets that gives the vegetable its distinctive red color could eventually help slow the accumulation of misfolded proteins in the brain, a process that is associated with Alzheimer's disease. Scientists say this discovery could lead to the development of drugs that could alleviate some of the long-term effects of the disease, the world's leading cause of dementia.
The Strengthening Emergency Systems Program conducted a study at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health in collaboration with the African Federation of Emergency Medicine fills this gap, identifying 76 quality indicators for emergency care for use in critical care facilities in Africa. The study was published in the British Medical Journal.
The low priority given to children and young people's health threatens the UK's future prosperity, argues an expert writing in The BMJ.
A new study published in the journal Maternal and Child Health suggests that primary care physicians may feel under-challenged to provide pregnant women with proper oral health advice. A bad oral health of the mother can have a significant impact on the overall health of a woman and the health of her children.
In a study, published in the journal Nature Genetics, nine novel genes for osteoarthritis have been discovered by scientists from the Wellcome Sanger Institute and their collaborators. They hope the discovery will aid the development of targeted drugs to combat the debilitating joint-eroding condition.
Giving one year of estrogen replacement to female athletes with exercise-induced menstrual irregularities improves drive for thinness, body dissatisfaction, and uncontrolled eating, a new study finds. The research results will be presented at ENDO 2018, the annual scientific meeting of the Endocrine Society, in Chicago, Ill.
A DNA profile is often valuable proof in cases of rape or other sexual assault of women, but if investigators have only limited biological material, the results may be difficult to interpret and use in a court of law. The researcher from the Aalborg University is now establishing numbers on the evidential value of DNA from Y chromosomes, providing courts with a valuable tool.
Researchers from the Flinders University has found that a compound derived from feverfew daisies can boost radiotherapy for the treatment of prostate cancer. The compound has the potency to reduce the therapy's side effects and increase its cancer-killing ability.
In this paper, the authors of the study first, summarize the key findings on Vajpayee Arogyashree scheme (VAS’s) impact on health and financial well-being. Next, they review the evidence on the potential pathways through which improvements were achieved and whether investment in tertiary care insurance appears to be good value for money. Finally, they discuss the lessons learned from VAS and how these can be used to craft social health insurance schemes in other settings.
A new study examines that passengers transmitting infectious diseases to one another is low, new data suggest. Although passengers seated in one row or two seats on either side of an infected individual have an 80% or higher chance of becoming infected, the likelihood was less than 3% for the remaining passengers. The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
A new study by the University of Illinois found that these individual differences are associated with variation in specific brain networks, particularly those related to executive, social and perceptual processes. Each day brings with it a host of decisions to be made, and each person approaches those decisions differently. The study was published in the journal Human Brain Mapping.