Researcher invented the native-state microscope that can scan large areas using fiber optics. It could allow for immediate, real-time microscopic confirmation of the complete removal of malignant tissues during surgery. In the not-so-distant future, surgeons could ensure the complete removal of malignant tumors, and pathologists could analyze tissue more efficiently, by using a device.
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Several significant programmes under the National Health Mission (NHM) are likely to be impacted because of a shortfall of funds in 2018-19. The ministry of health and family welfare got an allocation of only Rs30,129.61 crore for 2018-19 against a projected plan outlay of Rs34,882.32 crore under NHM for the current year. The deficit of around Rs4,752.71 crore may affect a range of activities under the mission such as upgradation of hospitals, expansion of the vaccines programme and implementing interventions for non-communicable diseases.
Escalating the radiotherapy dose for prostate cancer patients reduced their likelihood of developing recurrent cancer and metastases, but it did not improve their odds of survival, according to an NRG Oncology study know as NRG Oncology/RTOG 0126.
A new study reveals an increased rate of accidental injuries are associated with self-reported, poorer hearing adults, with leisure-related injuries being most notable among those respondents. Those with "good" or "a little trouble" hearing were at a higher risk of work-related injuries. While many factors can contribute to accidental injuries, the relationship between them and certain sensory impairments, such as hearing loss. The study was published today in JAMA Otolaryngology.
Each year, up to a third of adults over the age of 65 experiences a fall. It’s even worse for people living in nursing homes, about half of whom fall each year. Almost two-thirds of older adults who suffered a fall within the past year would fall again.
In a study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, researchers from Japan examined the effects of osteoarthritis associated-knee pain on depression. Until now, few studies have focused on how knee pain and impaired knee function relate to depression.
A study examines the incidence, rationales, related factors and outcomes for changing from appropriate catheter placement to inappropriate use among hospitalized older patients in the emergency department. Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) is one of the most common healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), accounts for 34% of all HAIs and is associated with significant morbidity and excess health care costs.
The pancreatic microbiome in human patients was distinct from that of a pancreatic cancer patient. The normal pancreatic microbiome was determined from analyses of individuals who were presented for surgery for benign endocrine tumors.
Researchers from the Institut Pasteur-CNRS has identified a Staphylococcus aureus gene involved in virulence, biofilm formation and resistance to certain antibiotics. The study results, published in the journal PLoS Pathogens, sheds light on how to manage the S. aureus virulence mechanisms.
In this study, researchers evaluated the surface of the Earth. Since a few decades, man has been able to reach space, escape from the earth attraction and spend days and nights in a weightless condition. Some major physiological changes have been observed during extended stays, and the sleep duration in space is shorter than on the ground. This study is a novel hypothesis proposing that sleep is partly due to gravity.
A study with their research team has considered a Staphylococcus aureus gene involved in virulence, biofilm formation and resistance to certain antibiotics. These results open new avenues for understanding the control of S. aureus virulence mechanisms. This study was published in the journal PLoS Pathogens.