All news from Anaesthesiology

Use of Interpreter Services in the Emergency Department

Emergency department interpreters are vital to quality care, according to an article published in the October issue of the Annals of Emergency Medicine. Researchers write that about 8 percent of the U.S. population older than 5 years has limited English proficiency.

This language barrier can compromise care during a medical emergency. Yet interpreter services may be underutilized because of a lack of hospital resources, a lack of trained and available personnel, or a lack of guidelines for emergency health care providers in a specific hospital or state.

Malnutrition Is An Issue For More Than Half Of Patients In Intensive Care

They have known for a long time that certain patients in the intensive care unit recover faster and have better clinical outcomes if they receive enough nutrition. Often, critically ill patients require tube feeding in order to get the nutrition and calories they need while receiving respiratory therapy and mechanical ventilation.

Patients In The ICU

However, many patients in the ICU have their feeding tubes taken out and are encouraged to eat and drink, as soon as they no longer need this respiratory therapy. Our research shows that more than half of patients in intensive care units don't get enough nutrition because they eat less than a third of their meals.

Intensive Care

Of particular concern are patients who stay in intensive care for longer periods and whose nutritional intake remains poor even after they leave the ICU.

Aspirin Could Play Valuable Role As Additional Treatment For Cancer

Regular use of aspirin could help in the treatment of some cancers, finds a new review of 71 medical studies. The systematic review, which looked at the survival of 120,000 patients with cancer who took aspirin, compared with 400,000 patients who did not, showed that at any time following the diagnosis of some cancers the proportion of patients who were still alive was 20-30% greater in those taking the drug

Drug Overdose Epidemic: Exponential Growth in Last Decades

Death rates from drug overdoses in the U.S. have been on an exponential growth curve that began at least 15 years before the mid-1990s surge in opioid prescribing, suggesting that overdose death rates may continue along this same historical growth trajectory for years to come, according to a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health analysis published today in Science.

HPV Vaccine Reduce Risk Of Transmitting Devastating Throat Disease To Children

The human papillomavirus, or HPV, has been a well-recognized risk factor for developing several types of cancers. Initially, it was a known precursor to cancers of the cervix, with certain sub-types of the virus predisposing women to HPV lesions (genital warts) and formation of cancerous growths.

In more recent years, the association of HPV and head and neck cancers, specifically those of the tonsil, larynx (voice box), tongue, and sinus in otherwise healthy under 65-year-old non-smokers and non-drinkers has led to HPV-related head and neck cancers becoming known as 'baby-boomer' cancers.