All news from Anaesthesiology

Bacteria Predicts the Risk of Cirrhosis-Associated Hospitalization

A microbiome refers to the collection of microorganisms that colonize the human body and includes bacteria, viruses, and fungi. These microorganisms tend to inhabit specific sites in the body called physiological niches, where conditions are suitable for growth. Focusing on the human gut, the microbiome in health is useful for several functions, including digestion of food, protecting the intestinal barrier and engaging the local immune response.

Impaired Brain Coordination May Lead to ADHD

Abnormal coordination between two brain regions can lead to attention hyperactivity deficit disorders (ADHD), including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depression, according to the researchers. The study, published in the Neuron, provides insight into how two brain regions work together to maintain attention, and how discordance between the regions could lead to ADHD.

X-linked Genes Linked With Respiratory Risk in Boys

A new study, published in the journal Scientific Reports, shows that human airways already demonstrate gender-based differences in DNA methylation signatures at birth, providing an early airway epigenomic marks that may determine sex-based respiratory phenotypes and overall predisposition to develop respiratory disorders like asthma later in life.