All news from Anaesthesiology

Inactivation Of A Protein In Fat Cells

Researchers recently discovered that inactivation of a protein called p62 in fat cells fuels aggressive, metastatic prostate cancer in mice. The findings suggest that mTOR inhibitors currently used to treat a wide range of cancers may have the unintended consequence of shutting down fat tissue metabolism and fueling tumor growth. The study was published in Cancer Cell.

To Reduce Postoperative Complications After Thoacic Surgery With Anesthesia

A thoracoscopic technique has allowed for the development of fast-track protocols in the thoracic surgery, with shorter hospital lengths of stay and improved outcomes. The perioperative management needs to be optimized accordingly, with the goal of reducing postoperative disorders and speeding recovery times. Premedication performed in the operative room should be given because of the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). Inhalation anesthesia, when possible, should be preferred based on protective effects on postoperative lung inflammation.

Physical Exercise May Influence The Health of Future Offspring

Resaerchers from German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) examines whether physical and mental exercise can influence the health of future offspring. The study, published in Cell Reports, suggests that physical and mental exercise is not only beneficial for your own brain, but can also affect the cognitive ability of future offspring – at least in mice.

Evaluation Of Skin Diseases Amongst Moroccan Fishermen

The Purpose of the study is to examine the prevalence of skin diseases amongst fishermen, to specify the different clinical forms, associations and most frequent localisations, and to identify potential aetiological factors. The secondary objectives were to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of seafarers regarding occupational dermatoses to conduct information, awareness and education campaigns on risk factors and behaviors and to propose adapted prevention.

Swine Acute Diarrhea Syndrome Coronavirus and Mortality Risks

A newly identified coronavirus that killed nearly 25,000 piglets in 2016-17 in China emerged from horseshoe bats near the origin of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), which emerged in 2002 in the same bat species.

The new virus, called swine acute diarrhea syndrome coronavirus (SADS-CoV), does not appear to infect people, unlike SARS-CoV. The research is published in the journal Nature.

Role of Phenylephrine In Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

To the best of researchers knowledge, only one clinical study has prospectively evaluated phenylephrine infusion as a therapy for augmenting HPV in hypoxemic patients, reporting that phenylephrine improved oxygenation in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome. The hypothesis was that phenylephrine infusion increased the arterial partial pressure of oxygen (PaO2) during OLV.