All news from Anaesthesiology

Ayushman Bharat: Role in Making for a Healthier India

Ayushman Bharat, the new, flagship health initiative of the government, has two dimensions. First, it aims to roll out comprehensive primary health care with Health and Wellness Centres (HWCs) serving as the people-centric nuclei.

A nationwide network of 1.5 lakh HWCs will be created by transforming the existing sub-centers and primary health-care centers by 2022. This will constitute the very foundation of New India’s health care system.

A Novel Treatment Target for Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Discovered

A group of scientists at the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center has found a new molecular target that slows or stops the deadly and mostly untreatable lung disease, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF).

The study, published in the journal Cell Reports, demonstrated that a gene called FOXF1 inhibits the IPF disease process, which includes extensive scarring in lung connective tissues, hyperproduction of myofibroblasts and excessive lung inflammation.

Childhood Obesity: Prevention with Effective Community-Based Strategies

To improve success rates and combat continuing disparities in the fight against childhood obesity, the Childhood Obesity Declines Project (COBD) is taking a systematic approach to studying community-based strategies that have led to declining obesity rates.

A comprehensive overview of the rationale behind the COBD, its goals, and overall design is presented in a special supplement to Childhood Obesity, a peer-reviewed journal from Mary Ann Liebert, Inc., publishers. 

Shortwave Infrared Fluorescence Imaging Could Enable Sharper Biological Imaging

Researchers used Fluorescence Imaging is widely used for visualizing biological tissues such as the back of the eye, where signs of macular degeneration can be detected. It is also commonly used to image blood vessels during reconstructive surgery, allowing surgeons to make sure the vessels are properly connected. For these procedures, such as imaging tumors, researchers use a portion of the light spectrum known as the near-infrared (NIR), 700 to 900 nanometers, just beyond what the human eye can detect.

Effect of Stressors in European Professional Football Referees

In contrast to the available scientific evidence among current professional football players, scientific evidence about the stressors that play a role in the onset of symptoms of CMD among professional football referees is not available yet.

Based on a similar study among players, a plausible assumption is that physical and psychosocial stressors such as severe injuries, surgeries, adverse life events and lower social support are likely to induce symptoms of CMD among professional football referees.

Microtubules Play Vital Roles In Chromosome Segregation And Molecular Transport

Researcher estimated microtubules not only confer mechanical stability on cells and help to dictate their forms, but they also serve as an intracellular transport network. Cells possess an internal skeleton, which enables them to alter their form and actively migrate. This 'cytoskeleton' is composed of some filament systems, of which microtubules are one. As the name suggests, a microtubule is a cylinder. Its wall is made up of 13 protofilaments, each consisting of heterodimeric subunits containing two related tubulin proteins. The study was published in the journal Physical Review Letters.