All news from Anaesthesiology

Drug Evaluation Improved With a New Technology

MIT engineers have developed new technology that could be used to evaluate new drugs and detect possible side effects before the drugs are tested in humans.

Using a microfluidic platform that connects engineered tissues from up to 10 organs, the researchers can accurately replicate human organ interactions for weeks at a time, allowing them to measure the effects of drugs on different parts of the body. The study is published in the journal Scientific Reports.

Iron Supplements Might Increase Cancer Biomarker

A new study conducted at the Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden has shown that two commonly available iron compounds increase the formation of a known biomarker for cancer. It increases the formation of amphiregulin, a known cancer marker.

HEV Screening of Blood Products Provides a Safer Transfusion

Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is once again in the spotlight, with two studies presented today at The International Liver Congress 2018 in Paris, France challenging the ideas that HEV infections are benign and self-limiting, and that a blood-borne transmission is a rare event.

Researchers from Hamburg and Hannover in Germany collaborating on these studies have demonstrated that HEV infections can be fatal in immunocompromised, and in some cases, immune-competent individuals. They also demonstrated those blood products are an important source of infection in those who are immunosuppressed.

Evaluate The Change in Knowledge and Attitude of Emergency Medicine Program

Saudi Board of Emergency Medicine (SBEM) graduates are involved in a 1-month rotation in emergency medical services (EMSs) and disaster medicine. The study evaluated the change in knowledge and attitude of EM residents after the introduction of the EMS and disaster medicine rotation. The Saudi Board of Emergency Medicine (SBEM) was created; it is considered the largest EM training program in the region. It is a 4-year program, and the goal is to graduate residents into specialists who can assume leadership roles in the field of EM.

Young Adults Who Were Undernourished Suffer From Hearing Loss

According to a new study, researchers analyzed the relationship between the hearing of more than 2,200 young adults in Nepal and their nutritional levels as children 16 years earlier. The findings suggest that nutritional interventions in South Asia could help prevent hearing loss, a condition which currently affects an estimated 116 million young people in the region. Young adults who were undernourished as preschool children were approximately twice as likely to suffer from hearing loss as their better- nourished peers. The study was published in American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.