Researchers shown the morphology of the inner ear is a good indicator of population history and human dispersal. The early migration of humans out of Africa and across the world can be proven using genetic and morphological analyses. However, morphological data from the skull and skeleton often only allow limited conclusions to be drawn about the geographical dispersal pattern, especially because of the many ways in which the human skeleton adapts to local environmental conditions.
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The opioid epidemic continues to rage in America; new data show that first-time opioid painkiller prescription rates have slowed in recently. From 2010 to 2015, rates fell 51% and 15% among adults using benzodiazepines and those not using the medications.
In this study, researchers showed that Dexcom won FDA approval for next generation of Glucose monitoring for diabetes, that eliminates the need for finger pricks and is nearly one-third smaller than its current wearable sensor for diabetes patients. The Food and Drug Administration this week gave the green light to Dexcom's G6 system for delivering real time blood sugar readings. Expected to hit the U.S. market in the second quarter, the G6 targets Type 1 and insulin-taking Type 2 diabetes patients.
Spaceflight introduces a combination of environmental stressors, including microgravity, ionizing radiation, changes in diet and altered atmospheric gas composition. In order to understand the impact of each environmental component on astronauts it is important to investigate potential influences in isolation. Ground control AEMs are engineered to match the spaceflight environment. There are limited studies examining the biological response invariably due to the configuration of AEM and vivarium housing.
Cells are the basis of the living world. Our cells make up the tissues and organs of our bodies. Bacteria are also cells, living sometimes alone and sometimes in groups called biofilms. They think of cells mostly as staying in one spot, quietly doing their work. But in many situations, cells move, often very quickly. Then, platelet cells along with proteins from blood gather and form a clot to stop any bleeding. And finally, skin cells surrounding the wound lay down scaffolding before gliding across the cut to close the wound.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) accepted the new drug application (NDA) for SHP555 (prucalopride) as a potential treatment option for chronic idiopathic constipation (CIC) in adults, announced Shire.
Though Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases (COPDs) are caused by various factors such as long-term exposure to industrial dust, chemical fumes and other irritants, some pulmonary illnesses also lead to COPD.
COPD is a chronic inflammatory lung disease that makes it difficult to breathe due to obstruction in the airflow from the lungs. Smoking remains the most common cause of COPD that shows various symptoms such as breathlessness, cough, and wheezing.
Researchers have found substantial sex and racial disparities in cardiac rehabilitation referrals at hospitals upon discharge, situations they say that lead to lower survival rates. The study, published in the Journal of the American Heart Association, reported that the gaps are especially noticeable among females, African-Americans, Hispanic and Asian patients.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is a sexually transmitted infection that causes diseases that affect both men and women. In the UK, girls are vaccinated against HPV but boys are not.