All news from Anaesthesiology

Assessing General Aviation Pilots Understanding of Aviation Weather Products

A study was to develop a written examination to assess general aviation (GA) pilots’ understanding of aviation meteorology products. When tested on their knowledge of 23 types of weather information, from icing forecasts and turbulence reports to radar, 204 general aviation (GA) pilots surveyed by Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University researchers were stumped by about 42% of the questions. The study was published in the International Journal of Aerospace Psychology.

Is Whole-Brain Radiation Best For SCLC Patients With Brain Metastases?

Researchers from the University of Colorado Cancer Center challenges the use of whole-brain radiation for brain metastases from small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). The study, published in the journal Lung Cancer, found that median overall survival was longer for SCLC patients who received whole-brain radiation therapy, when compared with patients who received stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS).

Incompatible Cross-Matched Red Cells, A New Approach

It appears once the recipient's ABO and Rh blood type is known, a transfusion of compatible blood can be given. However, in practice, donor red blood cells (RBCs) may still be incompatible as it contains other minor antigens against which the recipient is alloimmunized/sensitized. Therefore, a cross-match is done to ensure that the donor RBCs actually do match against the recipient's serum.

The commonly observed clinical conditions and the insights obtained on how safe to transfuse the best unit of blood available was reviewed here along with their outcomes. The clinical and serologic evaluation, which allows for the transfusion of the most compatible (or “least incompatible”) blood, requires a joint effort between the clinician and the transfusion medicine physician.

A Transplant Biopsy Is Safer And More Effective By 'Molecular Microscope'

A new study shows that transplant biopsy system that uses gene chips to read molecules is far safer and more effective than existing approaches used for heart transplant biopsies and is showing promising results for lung transplant biopsies. An international team of transplant specialists–including Philip Halloran, the founder of the "molecular microscope" system–presented early clinical trial findings of the system today at the 2018 meeting of the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation in Nice, France.