In high-level Olympic athletes, many spinal diseases arise from overuse, while others are the result of acute injury. A new study, published in BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine analyze the various pathologies that affect the spine in high-level athletes by evaluating the MRIs of the spine in athletes who participated in the 2016 Rio Summer Olympics.
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A study was to develop a written examination to assess general aviation (GA) pilots’ understanding of aviation meteorology products. When tested on their knowledge of 23 types of weather information, from icing forecasts and turbulence reports to radar, 204 general aviation (GA) pilots surveyed by Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University researchers were stumped by about 42% of the questions. The study was published in the International Journal of Aerospace Psychology.
Screening patients for diabetes based solely on their age and weight a recommendation from a leading medical expert group could miss more than half of high-risk patients, according to a new Northwestern Medicine study of a nationwide sample.
In the study, researchers explained people accept deteriorating eyesight as an inevitable part of getting older, but blurry or distorted vision – such as when straight lines appear wavy – could be signs of age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
Researchers from the University of Colorado Cancer Center challenges the use of whole-brain radiation for brain metastases from small-cell lung cancer (SCLC). The study, published in the journal Lung Cancer, found that median overall survival was longer for SCLC patients who received whole-brain radiation therapy, when compared with patients who received stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS).
Researchers from the University, they showed that stable joint cartilage could be produced from adult stem cells originating from bone marrow. This is made possible by inducing specific molecular processes occurring during embryonic cartilage formation. The study was published in the scientific journal PNAS.
It appears once the recipient's ABO and Rh blood type is known, a transfusion of compatible blood can be given. However, in practice, donor red blood cells (RBCs) may still be incompatible as it contains other minor antigens against which the recipient is alloimmunized/sensitized. Therefore, a cross-match is done to ensure that the donor RBCs actually do match against the recipient's serum.
The commonly observed clinical conditions and the insights obtained on how safe to transfuse the best unit of blood available was reviewed here along with their outcomes. The clinical and serologic evaluation, which allows for the transfusion of the most compatible (or “least incompatible”) blood, requires a joint effort between the clinician and the transfusion medicine physician.
The study conducted to identify clinical prognostic indicators by investigating the molecular profiles of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and evaluating the preoperative imaging data of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (18F-FDG-PET)
No differences found in hospitalized infections or effectiveness in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) who previously received treatment with methotrexate and who initiated treatment with tofacitinib or non-TNF biologics, a new study published in Arthritis Research & Therapy reports.
A new study shows that transplant biopsy system that uses gene chips to read molecules is far safer and more effective than existing approaches used for heart transplant biopsies and is showing promising results for lung transplant biopsies. An international team of transplant specialists–including Philip Halloran, the founder of the "molecular microscope" system–presented early clinical trial findings of the system today at the 2018 meeting of the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation in Nice, France.
A research team led by UCL and Erasmus University has found a missing piece to the puzzle of why the virus that causes chickenpox and shingles can remain dormant for decades in human cells.
In the present study, scientists at the University of Waterloo have developed a new tool to protect women from HIV infection, which is a vaginal implant