Researchers at Henry Ford Hospital compared the patient population of a major U.S. prostate cancer study with patients found in three U.S. cancer databases, ultimately finding the patients of the study to be inconsistent with the average prostate cancer patient. The researchers found the patients of the Prostate Cancer Intervention versus Observation Trial (PIVOT) to be between three and eight times more likely to die than real-world patients.
All news from Anaesthesiology
The effect of VATS lobectomy in comparison to thoracotomy in reducing hospital LOS and postoperative pain is well established. It is also becoming increasingly evident that a VATS approach may reduce incidence of PPC, however, developing a PPC is still likely in patients undergoing VATS lobectomy, and PPC frequency needs confirmation, as well as identifying the effect of developing a PPC on short-term outcomes.
Using a newly developed model and roadside air pollution data, University of Leeds scientists assessed the impact of exposure to traffic-related air pollution on childhood asthma in Bedford, linking ambient air pollution to 38% of all annual asthma cases. Twenty-four percent of the total cases were linked specifically to vehicle emissions.
A study determines that one in every 100 people in the world takes glucocorticoids long term to treat immune-mediated diseases. However, glucocorticoids, such as prednisone, have a side effect, they induce the bone loss called osteoporosis, causing an estimated yearly bone fracture rate of 5 %. An alternative treatment option now appears promising. The study was published in the journal The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology.
A modern, newer generation drug-eluting stent (DES), called Zotarolimus-Eluting Stents (ZES), are safe and effective, according to a PERSPECTIVE trial presented at the Society for Cardiovascular Angiography and Interventions (SCAI) 2018 Scientific Sessions.
According to a new study, researchers estimated that hearing aids may hold the potential to cut older adults' visits to the hospital or emergency room. They cost thousands of dollars, and insurance almost never covers them. That could mean lower costs in the long run, though more research is needed to see if this is true. The study arrives at a time when discussion about adding Medicare coverage for hearing aids is rising. The study was published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. After examining data from 1,336 adults ages 65 to 85 they had a severe hearing loss.
Teleradiology has been proposed as a way to make radiological services available in rural areas especially where the radiologists are separated from the major population. It involves the electronic transmission of non-invasive radiographic images such as digitized X-ray, ultrasound, CT scan, and MRI, nuclear medicine as well as consultative text from one geographical location to another for the purpose of interpretation, consultation, diagnosis, and treatment.
Scientists from Dartmouth College have developed a new way to make back surgery safer, faster and less costly. They have developed and tested a 3-dimensional, real-time optical tracking system, like a 'Google Maps' for the body.
Researchers have developed a light-based measuring technique that could transform our ability to characterise biomolecules. Using a microscope that detects light scattering rather than fluorescence, the researchers have demonstrated that single molecules can be observed, and their mass measured, in solution. The study was published in the journal Science.