All news from Anaesthesiology

Patients in Major Prostate Cancer Study Have High Mortality Risks

Researchers at Henry Ford Hospital compared the patient population of a major U.S. prostate cancer study with patients found in three U.S. cancer databases, ultimately finding the patients of the study to be inconsistent with the average prostate cancer patient. The researchers found the patients of the Prostate Cancer Intervention versus Observation Trial (PIVOT) to be between three and eight times more likely to die than real-world patients.

Postoperative Pulmonary Complications after VATS Lobectomy and Risk Factors

The effect of VATS lobectomy in comparison to thoracotomy in reducing hospital LOS and postoperative pain is well established. It is also becoming increasingly evident that a VATS approach may reduce incidence of PPC, however, developing a PPC is still likely in patients undergoing VATS lobectomy, and PPC frequency needs confirmation, as well as identifying the effect of developing a PPC on short-term outcomes.

Effectiveness Of Drug In Reducing Glucocorticoid-Induced Bone Loss

A study determines that one in every 100 people in the world takes glucocorticoids long term to treat immune-mediated diseases. However, glucocorticoids, such as prednisone, have a side effect, they induce the bone loss called osteoporosis, causing an estimated yearly bone fracture rate of 5 %. An alternative treatment option now appears promising. The study was published in the journal The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology

A Hearing Aid Could Potentially cut the Older Adults To Visit ER Rooms

According to a new study, researchers estimated that hearing aids may hold the potential to cut older adults' visits to the hospital or emergency room. They cost thousands of dollars, and insurance almost never covers them. That could mean lower costs in the long run, though more research is needed to see if this is true. The study arrives at a time when discussion about adding Medicare coverage for hearing aids is rising. The study was published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. After examining data from 1,336 adults ages 65 to 85 they had a severe hearing loss.

Teleradiology: Feasibility in Nepal

Teleradiology has been proposed as a way to make radiological services available in rural areas especially where the radiologists are separated from the major population. It involves the electronic transmission of non-invasive radiographic images such as digitized X-ray, ultrasound, CT scan, and MRI, nuclear medicine as well as consultative text from one geographical location to another for the purpose of interpretation, consultation, diagnosis, and treatment. 

A Microscope That Detects Light Scattering Rather Than Fluorescence

Researchers have developed a light-based measuring technique that could transform our ability to characterise biomolecules. Using a microscope that detects light scattering rather than fluorescence, the researchers have demonstrated that single molecules can be observed, and their mass measured, in solution. The study was published in the journal Science.