All news from Anaesthesiology

Detection of Breast Lymphedema

A new study suggests testing for small changes in the flow of lymph fluids after breast cancer surgery can spot the start of a painful swelling known as lymphedema before it becomes hard to treat.

Timing of Antibiotics: Vital Criteria for Surviving Sepsis

Sepsis is a common, life-threatening organ dysfunction driven by a dysregulated host response to infection. Outcomes have improved over the years in line with a focus on intravenous fluids, appropriate antimicrobials, and other supportive measures, but for septic shock, mortality remains at 30% to 50%.

The 2017 Surviving Sepsis Campaign guidelines endorse a focus on the rapidity of treatment once sepsis has been identified, with a strong recommendation for the administration of antimicrobial drugs within 1 hour; however, the quality of the supporting evidence is evaluated as moderate.

Men Takes Daily Aspirin Leads To The Risk Of Melanoma

A study examined that men who take once-daily aspirin have nearly double the risk of melanoma compared to men who are not exposed to daily aspirin. Women, however, do not have an increased risk in this large patient population. Given the widespread use of aspirin and the potential clinical impact of the link to melanoma, patients, and healthcare providers need to be aware of the possibility of increased risk for men. The study was published in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.

Anti-Alcoholism Drug Tested in Animal Models

Scientists at The University of Texas at Austin have successfully tested in animals a drug that, they say, may one day help block the withdrawal symptoms and cravings that incessantly coax people with alcoholism to drink. If eventually brought to market, it could help the more than 15 million Americans, and many more around the world who suffer from alcoholism stay sober.

Markers Of Reproductive History Leads To Future Diabetes Risk

According to a study, researchers determined that reproductive markers associated with risk of diabetes in women with a body mass index (BMI) ≥25 kg/m². Female reproductive history has been inconsistently associated with risk of type 2 diabetes. They examined the prospective associations between aspects of a woman's reproductive history and incident diabetes. The study was published in Diabetes, Obesity, and Metabolism.