All news from Anaesthesiology

To evaluate the effects of rTMS On Suicidal Ideation

According to a study, researchers examined a specific kind of brain stimulation, which is effective in reducing suicidal thinking in a significant portion of people with hard-to-treat depression. Forty percent of people in the study reported that they no longer experienced suicidal thoughts after receiving bilateral repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). The study was published in The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry.

hiPSC-Based Therapy for Hereditary Diseases

Researchers at Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine of The University of Hong Kong (HKU) have successfully demonstrated the use of human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) from patients' skin cells for therapeutic drug testing.

The success of the research implies that scientists are one step closer to applying stem cells in precision medicine in treating patients suffering from rare hereditary diseases.

New Genes Regulating Biological Process And Impacts on Health

A study examines that working night shifts may, in the long run, have an impact on your health. Researchers team have discovered that genes regulating important biological processes are incapable of adapting to new sleeping and eating patterns and that most of them stay tuned to their daytime biological clock rhythms. The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. They were able to show the impact that a four-day simulation of night shift work had on the expression of 20,000 genes.

New Treatment For Noise-Induced Hearing Loss

A study determined that exposure to extremely loud noises can lead to a permanent hearing loss. But knowing how to treat noise-induced hearing loss, which affects about 15% of Americans, has largely remained a mystery. That may eventually change, thanks to new research from the Keck School of Medicine of USC, which sheds light on how noise-induced hearing loss happens and shows how a simple injection of a salt or sugar-based solution into the middle ear may preserve hearing. The study was published in PNAS.

Insights on COPD-associated Inflammation

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)is believed to be the third most common cause of death worldwide. However, because the underlying mechanism is still largely unknown, today's treatments can only slow progression of the disease.

Scientists have now reported a previously unknown pathogenic mechanism, which they have already been able to prevent in the laboratory. Their findings are reported in EMBO Molecular Medicine.

Health Department Epidemiologists Detects Foodborne Illness And Outbreaks In NYC Restaurants

A study has developed a system with Health Department epidemiologists which detects foodborne illness and outbreaks in NYC restaurants based on keywords in Yelp reviews. Using Yelp, 311, and reports from health care providers, the Health Department has identified and investigated approximately 28,000 complaints of suspected foodborne illness overall since 2012. The study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association.