All news from Anaesthesiology

Determination Of Patients With OSA Have Thinner Skulls Than Patients Without OSA

According to a study, researchers determined that patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea(OSA) are associated with thinning of the calvaria and skull base.  Spontaneous cerebrospinal fluid leaks (sCSF-L) of the temporal bone are associated with obesity, calvarial thinning, and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), and the incidence has doubled in the past decade. It is currently unknown if OSA is independently associated with skull thinning. The study was published in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery.

Gene Loss Causes Accumulation of Waste Products in Cells

MIT biologists have discovered a function of a gene that is believed to account for up to 40% of all familial cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Studies of ALS patients have shown that an abnormally expanded region of DNA in a specific region of this gene can cause the disease

Postoperative Pain After Spine Surgery

According to a study, researchers examined that eight factors contribute to postoperative pain after spine surgery. The study held at the 2018 World Congress on Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine in New York City. They developed a model of postoperative pain after spine surgery. A total of 1,008 patients who underwent spine surgery under general anesthesia from 2011 to 2013 were included.

Makona Ebola Virus: Despite Mutations Disease Consistent in Mice, Monkeys

Early during the recent Ebola epidemic in West Africa, scientists speculated that the genetic diversity of the circulating Makona strain of virus (EBOV-Makona) would result in more severe disease and more transmissibility than prior strains.

However, using two different animal models, National Institutes of Health scientists have determined that certain mutations stabilized early during the epidemic and did not alter Ebola disease presentation or outcome. Their work, published in Cell Reports, offers further evidence to support previous findings from molecular sequencing that the diversity of EBOV-Makona did not significantly impact the course of disease.

Association Between The Number Of Emergency Diagnoses And Mortality Risk

According to a new study, researchers examine that Over 1,400 lives could be saved every year four more every day if more cancers were diagnosed through GP referral instead of emergency hospital admissions(EHA).  The study is published in BMC Cancer. Cancers diagnosed following a GP referral are more likely to have been spotted early, meaning patients have a better chance of surviving or living longer with their disease.