All news from Anaesthesiology

Antibody Drug for HIV-1 prevention and immunotherapy

A research team invents a universal antibody drug against HIV/AIDS. By engineering a tandem bi-specific broadly neutralizing antibody, the team found that this novel antibody drug is universally effective not only against all genetically divergent global HIV-1 strains tested but also promoting the elimination of latently infected cells in a humanized mouse model. The new findings are now published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation.

Semantically Parcelled PET Images Classified Neurological Disorders

A study investigated the efficacy of focusing on localized PET-active areas for classification purposes. In this work, they propose a pipeline using learned features from semantically labeled PET images to perform group classification. Early identification of dementia in the early or late stages of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is crucial for a timely diagnosis and slowing down the progression of Alzheimer's disease (AD).

Parents Of Multiple-Birth Children Experience Higher Rates Of Depression

According to a study, the researcher analyzed that Parents of twins and other multiple-birth children experience higher than average rates of depression, anxiety, and other mental health issues, particularly during the first three months. The study was published in the Journal of Psychiatric Practice. About half of parents of multiples say they could have benefited from treatment for symptoms of mental health problems but less than ten percent received such care. There is a large, unmet need for mental health treatment in parents of multiples in the perinatal period, especially the early postpartum months.

DNA Repair Of Genes Is Controlled By Circadian Clocks In Human Body

A tiny, protein-operated clock inside our cells that operate based on the 24-hour day cycle. These circadian clocks are important for the proper biological function of different organs – heart, liver, lungs, brain, skin. Yet, we don't know exactly how they interact with other basic and crucial biology, such as DNA repair – the process our cells constantly undergo because we are perpetually bombarded with stuff that wrecks DNA. The study was published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

Innovative VIPS Device To Detect Stroke

A new device worn like a visor can detect an emergent large-vessel occlusion in patients with suspected stroke with 92% accuracy, report clinical investigators at the Medical University of South Carolina (MUSC), and University of Tennessee Health Sciences Center